The boastful man (Ps 52:1-52:3)

To the choirmaster leader, a Maskil of David, when Doeg, the Edomite, came and told Saul, ‘David has come to the house of Ahimelech’

“Why do you boast?

O mighty man!

Why do you boast?

What is the mischief done against the godly?

All day long

You are plotting destruction.

Your tongue is like a sharp razor.

You are a worker of treachery.

You love evil more than good.

You love lying more than speaking the truth.”


Psalm 52 is loosely based on 1 Samuel, chapter 22, where Doeg the Edomite told Saul where David was hiding.  This choral Davidic psalm asked why he was boastful.  This probably refers to Saul rather Doeg the Edomite.  He was planning all day mischief against the good godly people.  His tongue was like a sharp razor as he loved evil more than good.  He was a worker of treachery.  He loved lies more than truth.  This first section ends with a meditative musical interlude pause, a Selah.

Doeg the Edomite (1 Sam 22:9-22:10)

“Doeg the Edomite, who was in charge of Saul’s servants, answered. ‘I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. He inquired of Yahweh for him, and gave him provisions. He also gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.’”

Doeg the Edomite stepped forward to tell his story about what he saw in Nob. He saw Ahimelech, the priest, gave David provisions to eat. Ahimelech prayed to Yahweh for him and then he gave him Goliath’s sword.