The accusation against Susanna (Dan 13:34-13:35)

“Then the two elders

Stood up

Before the people.

They laid their hands

On her head.

Through her tears,

Susanna looked up

Toward heaven.

Her heart trusted

In the Lord.”

These two old judges laid their hands on the head of Susanna before this assembly of people, indicating that they were going to testify against her. She was weeping, but Susanna looked up to heaven, because she trusted in the Lord.

Daniel is released from the den (Dan 6:23-6:23)

“Then the king

Was exceedingly glad.

He commanded

That Daniel be taken up

Out of the den.

Thus,

Daniel was taken up

Out of the den.

No kind of hurt

Was found on him,

Because he had trusted

In his God.”

The king was very happy. Thus, he commanded that Daniel be removed from the lion’s den. When Daniel was taken out of the den, it was clear that he did not have any kind of harm on him. He had trusted in his God, who saved him from the lions. Trust in God was a key theme of this work.

Trust in Yahweh (Prov 29:25-29:27)

“The fear of others lays a snare.

But one who trusts in Yahweh is secure.

Many seek the favor of a ruler.

But it is from Yahweh that one gets justice.

The unjust are an abomination to the righteous.

But the upright are an abomination to the wicked.”

We should trust in Yahweh. Do not fear others. Many seek the favor of a ruler or king, but justice comes from Yahweh. The unjust are an abomination to the righteous and vice versa. So never the twain shall meet.

The happy ones (Ps 146:5-146:6)

“Happy are those whose help is

The God of Jacob.

Happy are those whose hope is

In Yahweh,

Their God.

He made heaven

He made the earth.

He made the sea,

He made all that is in them.

He keeps faith forever.”

The happy people are those who trust in the God of Jacob. They are the ones who trust in Yahweh as their God. Yahweh has made heaven, earth, the sea, and everything that is in heaven, on earth, or in the sea. He has made all things.

David trusts Yahweh (Ps 31:14-31:18)

“But I trust in you!

Yahweh!

I say.

‘You are my God.’

My times are in your hand.

Deliver me

From the hand of my enemies!

Deliver me

From the hand of my persecutors!

Let your face shine on your servant!

Save me in your steadfast love!

Do not let me be put to shame!

Yahweh!

I call on you!

Let the wicked be put to shame!

Let them go dumbfounded to Sheol!

Let those who speak insolently

Against the righteous,

With pride and contempt,

May their lying lips be stilled!”

David trusted in Yahweh. Truly Yahweh was his God. He had full confidence in him. He placed his life in the hands of God. He hoped that he would be delivered from the hands of his enemies and persecutors. He wanted Yahweh’s face to shine on him to give him light. He wanted Yahweh to act out of his steadfast love and not put him to shame.   Instead he wanted the wicked to be put to shame. He wanted them to go dumbfounded into Sheol, the underworld of death. He wanted their lying lips stilled. He wanted those who had spoken insolently against the righteous ones with pride and contempt to be quiet. David wanted the tables turned on his enemies because he trusted in Yahweh.

David trusts Yahweh (Ps 13:5-13:6)

“But I trusted in your steadfast love.

My heart shall rejoice in your salvation.

I will sing to Yahweh!

Because he has dealt bountifully with me.”

David trusted in Yahweh and his steadfast love. He rejoiced in the Yahweh’s salvation. Therefore he was going to sing to Yahweh. In fact, Yahweh had been kind and bountiful to him.

Judith’s speech (Jdt 8:11-8:17)

“They came to her. She said to them.

‘Listen to me,

Rulers of the people of Bethulia!

What you have said to the people today is not right.

You have even sworn

You have pronounced this oath between God and you,

You promised to surrender the town to our enemies,

Unless the Lord turns and helps us within so many days.

Who are you?

Do you think that you can put God to the test today?

You are setting yourselves up in the place of God in human affairs.

You are putting the Lord Almighty to the test.

You will never know anything!

You cannot plumb the depths of the human heart!

You cannot find out what a man is thinking!

How do you expect to search out God?

God made all these things.

How can you find out his mind?

How can you comprehend his thought?

No, my brothers,

Do not anger the Lord our God!

If he does not choose to help us within these five days,

He has power to protect us within any time he pleases.

He may even destroy us in the presence of our enemies.

Do not try to bind the purposes of the Lord our God!

God is not like a human being!

He cannot be threatened!

He is not a mere moral!

He cannot be won over by pleading.

Therefore, while we wait for his deliverance,

Let us call upon him to help us!

He will hear our voice,

If it pleases him.’”

Judith pointed out that they should not be putting God to the test. They were not right in speaking that way. Who are you to test God? Why are you putting yourselves in the place of God? You do not know anything about the human heart and understanding. How can you possibly understand the thought of God? Do not anger God. He is not like a human being or mere mortal. He has made all things. He has the power to protect or destroy you if he pleases. All you can do is call for help, while we wait for his deliverance. He will either hear or not hear us as he pleases.