“In his days, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came up. King Jehoiakim became his servant for three years. Then he turned and rebelled against him. Yahweh sent against him the bands of the Chaldeans, the Arameans, the Moabites, and the Ammonites to attack him. He sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of Yahweh that he spoke by his servants the prophets. Surely this came upon Judah at the command of Yahweh, to remove them out of his sight, for the sins of King Manasseh, for all that he had committed, and for the innocent blood that he had shed. He filled Jerusalem with innocent blood. Yahweh was not willing to pardon.”
King Nebuchadnezzar (605-562 BCE) ruled in Babylon 43 years so his influence was quite profound. King Jehoiakim of Judah was his servant for 3 years before he rebelled against him. However, it seems like Yahweh is on the Babylonian king’s side. This appears to be a punishment for Judah because of King Manasseh as outlined in chapter 21 of this book. The good King Josiah could not offset this punishment because Yahweh was not willing to forgive him. So a variety of other people under King Nebuchadnezzar came to invade Judah, the Chaldeans or Babylonians, as well as the old enemies like the Arameans, Moabites, and Ammonites. He seemed to have been a good fighter because he was able to hold off all these opponents.