“This is the word
That came to Jeremiah
Concerning all the people of Judah,
In the fourth year of King Jehoiakim,
The son of King Josiah,
This was the first year
Of King Nebuchadnezzar
This oracle of Yahweh to Jeremiah about Judah is set in a very specific time frame. This was the 4th year of the rule of King Jehoiakim or King Eliakim, around 605 BCE. This was also the first year of the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, after his victory of Pharaoh Neco of Egypt during the same year, 605 BCE. Thus, this preceded any of the exiles from Judah.