To the choirmaster leader, a psalm of David
You have searched me!
You have known me!
When I sit down.
When I rise up.
You discern my thoughts from far away.
You search out my path.
You search out my lying down.
You are acquainted with all my ways.
Even before a word is on my tongue,
You know it completely.
You hem me in,
Behind and before.
You lay your hand upon me.
Such knowledge is too wonderful for me.
It is so high
That I cannot attain it.”
Psalm 139 is a choral psalm or song of David, as the title indicates. This prayer for deliverance emphasizes the great knowledge of Yahweh. Yahweh truly knew David. He knew when he sat down or rose up. He knew his thoughts from far away. He knew when he was walking or lying down. He knew all about his ways. He knew what he was going to say before David said it, so that David felt hemmed in on all sides. The hand of Yahweh was on him. Yahweh’s knowledge was so wonderfully high that David could not attain it.