The Zadok priests as teachers and judges (Ezek 44:23-44:24)

“They shall teach

My people

The difference

Between the holy

And the common.

They shall show them

How to distinguish

Between the unclean

And the clean.

In a controversy,

They shall act

As judges.

They shall decide it

According to my judgments.

They shall keep

My laws,

As well as my statutes

Regarding

All my appointed festivals.

They shall keep

My Sabbath holy.”

These Zadok priests would teach Yahweh’s people the difference between the holy and the common, as well as how to distinguish between the unclean and the clean. In any controversy, they would act as judges. They would decide all these cases according to Yahweh’s judgments. They were to keep all Yahweh’s laws and statutes regarding the appointed religious festivals. Finally, they were to keep the Sabbath holy.

The Sabbath at Adullam (2 Macc 12:38-12:38)

“Then Judas Maccabeus assembled his army. They went to the city of Adullam. As the seventh day was coming on, they purified themselves according to the custom. They kept the Sabbath there.”

Judas Maccabeus brought his army to Adullam, which was northeast of Marisa. There, instead of fighting, they purified themselves and kept the Sabbath as a day of rest.