The role of the king (Prov 16: 10-16:15)

“Inspired decisions are on the lips of a king.

His mouth does not sin in judgment.

Honest balances and scales are Yahweh’s.

All the weights in the bag are his work.

It is an abomination for kings to do evil.

The throne is established by righteousness.

Righteous lips are the delight of a king,

He loves those who speak what is right.

A king’s wrath is a messenger of death.

Whoever is wise will appease it.

In the light of a king’s face

There is life.

His favor is like the clouds

That bring the spring rain.”

This next section follows the medieval concept of the diving right of kings. Thus the king speaks in the name of Yahweh. His decisions are thus inspired by Yahweh. He does not sin in making his judgments. He expects, like Yahweh, to have honest scales and balances, so that there should not be any false weights in bags on the scales. Thus, it is an abomination for a king to do evil because the throne was established by righteousness, which should be the delight of the king. The king loves those who speak correctly and rightly. On the other hand, his wrath is a messenger of death. The wise ones are able to appease his anger. You will have life if the king’s face lights upon you. His favors are like refreshing spring rains.

Long live the king (Ps 72:5-72:7)

“May he live

While the sun endures!

May he live

As long as the moon,

Throughout all generations!

May he be

Like rain that falls on the mown grass!

May he be

Like showers that water the earth!

In his days

May righteousness flourish!

In his days

May peace abound,

Until the moon is no more!”

There is a hope that this king would live as long as there was a sun and a moon in the sky. They wanted the king to live through many generations, much like the English queens, Victoria and the 2 Elizabeth’s. This idealistic king was to be a gentile fertilizer, like rain on freshly cut grass or a shower on the dry earth. He was to flourish with peace until the moon went out of existence. He almost had divine powers, which led to the latter belief in the diving right of kings. They wanted a long life for the king.