Fear the king!
Do not disobey either of them!
Disaster comes from them suddenly.
Who knows the ruin that both can bring?”
You are to fear Yahweh. However, a new element has been added, the king. You are to fear the king just like Yahweh. You are not to disobey either of them. Disaster can come suddenly to you. Either one of them can bring ruin to you. Thus we see the divine right of kings, as the king takes the place of God here on earth. You should listen to both of them equally. You should fear both of them equally, since the king is practically divine.
“Yahweh by wisdom founded the earth.
By understanding he established the heavens.
By his knowledge the deeps broke open.
The clouds drop down the dew.”
Yahweh God founded the earth with wisdom. He established the heavens with understanding. He broke open the depths of the world with knowledge. Thus finally the clouds dropped down dew. Yahweh had wisdom, understanding, and knowledge in his creating the heavens and earth. These are divine qualities.
Do not let mortals prevail!
Let the nations be judged before you!
Put them in fear!
Let the nations know that they are only human!
Once again, David wanted Yahweh to get up, rise up, as if Yahweh was somehow sleeping on the job. He did not want the evil mortals to prevail. He wanted them to be judged before Yahweh. He wanted them to fear Yahweh. They should know that they are only human and not divine. At the end of this psalm we have another Selah, or musical interlude pause.
I waited for your words.
I listened for your wise sayings.
While you searched out what to say.
I gave you my attention.
However, there was in fact no one that confuted Job.
No one among you answered his words.
Yet you do not say.
‘We have found wisdom.
God may vanquish him,
Not a human.’
He has not directed his words against me.
I will not answer him with your speeches.”
Elihu turned first to the 3 comforters, Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar. He said that he had listened to their wise sayings. He paid close attention, but they did not refute Job. No one was able to respond to him. They did not even say that they had human or divine wisdom. Although Job had not directed his words against Elihu, he was still going to answer Job.