Gabriel explains the vision (Dan 8:19-8:22)

“Gabriel said.


I will tell you

What will take place later

In the period

Of wrath!

It refers

To the appointed time

Of the end.

As for the ram

That you saw

With the two horns,

These are the kings

Of Media and Persia.

The male goat is

The king of Greece.

The great horn

Between its eyes

Is the first king.

As for the horn

That was broken,

In place of which

Four others arose,

Four kingdoms

Shall arise

From his nation,

But not with his power.’”

Gabriel told Daniel to listen to what he was going to tell him. This all would take place at a later appointed end time, when the wrath of God would be displayed. Then he went into details about the vision. The ram with the two horns represented Media and Persia. The male goat was the king of Greece. His broken horn represented the 4 people who took over after the death of Alexander the Great, Cassander, Lysimachus, Seleucus, and Ptolemy, the successors of Alexander. However, these 4 kingdoms would not be as strong as the first kingdom of Greece under Alexander.

The protection of the holy name of Yahweh (Ezek 36:22-36:23)


Say to

The house of Israel.

Thus says Yahweh God!

‘It is not for your sake,

O house of Israel!

That I am about to act,

But for the sake

Of my holy name.

You have profaned it

Among the nations

To which you came.

I will sanctify

My great name.

You have profaned it

Among the nations.’

Says Yahweh God!

‘The nations will know

That I am Yahweh,

When through you,

I display my holiness

Before their eyes.’”

Yahweh, via Ezekiel, explained to the house of Israel that he was acting to protect his own name. It was not for their own sake, but for his good reputation that he was about to bring them back from wherever they were scattered. Yahweh was going to sanctify his great name that had been profaned among the various nations. These various countries would know that he was Yahweh God, when he displayed his great holiness through the Israelites.

The response of Uzziah (Jdt 8:28-8:31)

“Then Uzziah said to her.

‘All that you have said has been spoken out of a true heart.

There is no one who can deny your words.

Today is not the first time your wisdom has been shown.

But from the beginning of your life,

All the people have recognized your understanding.

Your heart’s disposition is right.

But the people were so thirsty.

They compelled us to do for them what we have promised.

They made us take an oath that we cannot break.

Now since you are a God-fearing woman,

Pray for us!

The Lord may send us rain to fill our cisterns.

Then we will no longer feel faint from thirst.’”

Uzziah admitted that Judith was right. She spoke from a true heart. She had always displayed wisdom throughout all her life. Everyone recognized her understanding and disposition. However, he had made an oath because the people were thirsty. Right now, the only thing to do is pray for rain so that the cisterns would fill up with water. That way the people would not feel faint with thirst.