The risen Jesus appearing to the eleven apostles can be found in Matthew, chapter 28:16, but in Galilee, and in Luke, chapter 24:36, in Jerusalem. John, chapter 20:19 and 26 had 2 appearances of Jesus in Jerusalem, and one in Galilee, chapter 21:1. Here in this addition to Mark, Jesus appeared to them, probably in Jerusalem. The apostles were sitting or reclining at the table (Ὕστερον δὲ ἀνακειμένοις αὐτοῖς). Then Jesus appeared to the 11 (τοῖς ἕνδεκα ἐφανερώθη). He upbraided or rebuked them (καὶ ὠνείδισεν) for their lack of faith or disbelief (τὴν ἀπιστίαν αὐτῶν) and their stubbornness or hardness of heart (καὶ σκληροκαρδίαν). They had not believed (οὐκ ἐπίστευσαν) those who had seen him after his resurrection (ὅτι τοῖς θεασαμένοις αὐτὸν ἐγηγερμένον). Once again, there were doubters among these 11 apostles about the resurrection of Jesus. Jesus was not happy about this.
The Christ story is true because the Bible tells me so. Like Pontius Pilate, the Roman procurator, we ask “what is truth?” Is this scientific truth? No. A peak experience in our life, like falling in love is true, but not scientifically verifiable. There are different contexts for truth. There is a difference between truth in court and truth in a laboratory. There are different kinds of truth. We say, “So help me, God.” Stories, like the parable of the Good Samaritan, are true stories, but do we have to say every part happened exactly the way that the gospel story says that it did. We are influenced by our culture and education. Thus, we share our culture. Otherwise there is no trust, only disbelief. Is truth always black and white? There are degrees, levels, and kinds of truth.