Luke indicated that these two sent unnamed disciples (δὲ οἱ ἀπεσταλμένοι) left (ἀπελθόντες) and found things (εὗρον καθὼς) just as Jesus had told them (καθὼς εἶπεν αὐτοῖς). Everything was going according to the plan laid out by Jesus. Matthew, chapter 21:6, and Mark, chapter 11:4, are somewhat similar. Mark indicated that the two disciples went away or departed (καὶ ἀπῆλθον). They did just as Jesus had directed or commanded them to do. They found a colt tied near a door (καὶ εὗρον πῶλον δεδεμένον πρὸς θύραν), outside in the open street (ἔξω ἐπὶ τοῦ ἀμφόδου). Then they untied it (καὶ λύουσιν αὐτόν). Everything seemed to be going according to plan. In Matthew, chapter 21:6, the two disciples went out (πορευθέντες δὲ οἱ μαθηταὶ). They did just as Jesus had directed or commanded them to do (καὶ ποιήσαντες καθὼς συνέταξεν αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς). They brought the donkey and the colt back (ἤγαγον τὴν ὄνον καὶ τὸν πῶλον) to Jesus. However, Matthew, chapter 21:4-5, preceded this with a quotation from Zechariah, chapter 9:9, one of the 12 minor prophets that lived in the 6th century BCE under Persian rule. This prophet Zechariah had said that the new king would be humble, mild, or gentle, but mounted on a donkey and a colt. However, this was a misreading of the prophet, since Zechariah had spoken of a young colt donkey, not two separate animals. Matthew used this passage to show how Jesus was the expected Israelite king, the prince of peace. Matthew’s intention was clear. Jesus was the expected messiah king. Have you ever misread something?
Luke said that the 12 apostles departed (ἐξερχόμενοι δὲ). They passed through the various villages (διήρχοντο κατὰ τὰς κώμας), bringing the good news or evangelizing (εὐαγγελιζόμενοι) and curing diseases everywhere (καὶ θεραπεύοντες πανταχοῦ). There was something similar in Mark, chapter 6:13, but not in Matthew, where these 12 apostles carried out the dual functions of casting out demons and healing people. Mark always put a lot of emphasis on casting out these demons. But they also anointed many sick with oil that cured them, since oil was considered a basic healing element in the ancient world. Mark never mentioned preaching, but it was part of Jesus’ message, as indicated by Luke. What do you think the role of a Christian missionary should be?
Luke uniquely said that some women (καὶ γυναῖκές), who had been cured of evil spirits (τινες αἳ ἦσαν τεθεραπευμέναι ἀπὸ πνευμάτων πονηρῶν) and other infirmities (καὶ ἀσθενειῶν), were with him also. Mary (Μαρία), called Magdalene (ἡ καλουμένη Μαγδαληνή), from whom 7 demons had departed (ἀφ’ ἧς δαιμόνια ἑπτὰ ἐξεληλύθει) was with him also. This Mary Magdalene, who traveled with Jesus as one of his followers, probably came from the town of Magdala, a fishing town on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee. She was explicitly mentioned by name 12 times in the canonical gospels, more than most of the other apostles, indicating her importance. She certainly was a key figure in the gospel stories about the death and resurrection of Jesus. Jesus apparently healed her in some way that is not indicated, since Luke said that 7 demons had been driven out of her, a statement that Mark, chapter 16:9, also said. She helped support Jesus’ ministry, indicating that she was probably relatively wealthy. This Mary was a central figure in later apocryphal Gnostic Christian writings. She had a very popular following in the Middle Ages as the repentant woman. In the late 20th century, she became more popular with her role in the play of Andrew Lloyd Weber’s “Jesus Christ Super Star” (1971) and Dan Brown’s novel and movie “Da Vinci Code” (2003 and 2006). What do you think about Mary Magdalene?
Luke said that when daybreak came (Γενομένης δὲ ἡμέρας), Jesus departed or left (ἐξελθὼν) Capernaum. He went into a deserted place (ἐπορεύθη εἰς ἔρημον τόπον). The crowds were looking or searching for him (καὶ οἱ ὄχλοι ἐπεζήτουν αὐτόν). When they reached him (καὶ ἦλθον ἕως αὐτοῦ), they wanted to prevent him or detain him from leaving them (καὶ κατεῖχον αὐτὸν τοῦ μὴ πορεύεσθαι ἀπ’ αὐτῶν). There is something similar in Mark, chapter 1:35-36. Jesus went out to a deserted place at daybreak, following the healings of the evening before. as here, but Jesus went out to pray, which was not mentioned here. Jesus left the other disciples behind early in the morning before daybreak. Luke had the crowds of people come to him, but there was no mention of Simon or the other disciples as in Mark. However, Mark never mentioned anything about preventing Jesus from leaving. Clearly, Jesus had a hard time being alone.
This ending is not quite the same as in Matthew, chapter 4:11, where angels came to wait on Jesus. Here there are no angels, but the show was over for now. Luke said that the devil had finished every test (Καὶ συντελέσας πάντα πειρασμὸν). Thus, he departed from Jesus (ὁ διάβολος ἀπέστη ἀπ’ αὐτοῦ) until a later opportunity or another time (ἄχρι καιροῦ). The devil had failed to convince Jesus in any of these temptations. He was gone for now, but would return again. Jesus had passed his first test. Score one for the good guys.
Matthew, chapter 21:6, has a summary, but Luke, chapter 19:32-33, was more similar to Mark. The two disciples went away or departed (καὶ ἀπῆλθον). They did just as Jesus had directed or commanded them to do. They found a colt tied near a door (καὶ εὗρον πῶλον δεδεμένον πρὸς θύραν), outside in the open street (ἔξω ἐπὶ τοῦ ἀμφόδου). Then they untied it (καὶ λύουσιν αὐτόν). Everything seemed to be going according to plan.
This is unique to Mark, as part of his short summaries. Mark said that Jesus departed with his disciples (Καὶ ὁ Ἰησοῦς μετὰ τῶν μαθητῶν αὐτοῦ ἀνεχώρησεν) to the sea (πρὸς τὴν θάλασσαν). Meanwhile, a great multitude from Galilee (καὶ πολὺ πλῆθος ἀπὸ τῆς Γαλιλαίας) as well as from Judea (καὶ ἀπὸ τῆς Ἰουδαίας) followed him (ἠκολούθησεν). Clearly, Jesus had become very popular.
This is unique to Matthew. Judas threw down the 30 pieces of silver in the Temple (καὶ ῥίψας τὰ ἀργύρια εἰς τὸν ναὸν). He left or departed as he went away (ἀνεχώρησεν, καὶ ἀπελθὼν). Then he hanged or strangled himself to death (ἀπήγξατο). Matthew was the only gospel to talk about Judas’ repentance and self-inflicted death. Judas choose a permanent solution to a temporary problem. Peter had denied Jesus, but he just cried in his repentance. Judas took the more drastic action of suicide that made it impossible for anyone to forgive him.
This parable story is unique to Matthew. Jesus continued with this story of the 10 bridesmaids. While the foolish bridesmaids departed to buy some oil (ἀπερχομένων δὲ αὐτῶν ἀγοράσαι), the bridegroom came (ἦλθεν ὁ νυμφίος). Those 5 wise bridesmaids, who were ready with their lamps, went with the bridegroom (καὶ αἱ ἕτοιμοι εἰσῆλθον μετ’ αὐτοῦ). They probably had a procession to the wedding banquet (εἰς τοὺς γάμους). When they got there, the door was shut (καὶ ἐκλείσθη ἡ θύρα). The 5 foolish bridesmaids went in the middle of the night to find some oil for their lamps. Meanwhile the bridegroom, the Son of Man or Jesus, came and had his procession to the wedding banquet. The closed door meant that no one else could come in.
This move from Galilee to Judea and Jerusalem can also be found in Mark, chapter 10:1, and Luke, chapter 9:51, with Matthew closer to Mark, with some minor changes. Matthew used the transition words “Καὶ ἐγένετο,” it happened or came to pass. When Jesus had finished or completed saying these things (Καὶ ἐγένετο ὅτε ἐτέλεσεν ὁ Ἰησοῦς τοὺς λόγους τούτους), he left or departed from Galilee (μετῆρεν ἀπὸ τῆς Γαλιλαίας) and went to the region of Judea (καὶ ἦλθεν εἰς τὰ ὅρια τῆς Ἰουδαίας), beyond the Jordan (πέραν τοῦ Ἰορδάνου). Thus, Jesus moved south towards Jerusalem. However, he traveled on the other side of the Jordan River, on the east side of Jordan, so that he did not have to go into Samaria. He definitely was leaving Galilee.