“Woe to you!
Of the prophets,
Whom your ancestors
οὐαὶ ὑμῖν, ὅτι οἰκοδομεῖτε τὰ μνημεῖα τῶν προφητῶν, οἱ δὲ πατέρες ὑμῶν ἀπέκτειναν αὐτούς.
Luke once again had Jesus curse (οὐαὶ ὑμῖν) the Pharisees, because they built the tombs of the prophets (ὅτι οἰκοδομεῖτε τὰ μνημεῖα τῶν προφητῶν), whom their ancestors or fathers killed (οἱ δὲ πατέρες ὑμῶν ἀπέκτειναν αὐτούς). There is something similar in Matthew, chapter 23:29, where Jesus continued to curse the Pharisees and the Scribes. This diatribe against the hypocritical Scribes and Pharisees was how they and their ancestors had treated the prophets of Israel. They built the tombs of the prophets and decorated the graves or these tombs of the righteous. These Pharisees said that if they had lived in the days of their ancestors or fathers, they would not have participated in the shedding of the blood of these prophets. Luke indicated that Jesus said that the present-day Pharisees participated in the murder of the righteous prophets by decorating the graves of these holy men. The problem was that there were not that many prophets murdered. Do you visit cemeteries much?
“When the unclean spirit
His former home
And put in order.”
καὶ ἐλθὸν εὑρίσκει σεσαρωμένον καὶ κεκοσμημένον.
Luke indicated that Jesus said that when this unclean spirit came back (καὶ ἐλθὸν), he found (εὑρίσκει) that his former home had been swept (σεσαρωμένον) and put in order (σεσαρωμένον). This saying about the returning unclean spirit can be found also, almost word for word, in Matthew, chapter 12:44, indicating a Q source. Nothing had been put in its place, because this unclean spirit found it empty or unoccupied (καὶ ἐλθὸν εὑρίσκει σχολάζοντα), swept clean (καὶ σεσαρωμένον) and in order, newly decorated (καὶ κεκοσμημένον). Matthew indicated that the house was empty, something that Luke did not mention. Have you ever returned to an empty house?
“Then all those bridesmaids
τότε ἠγέρθησαν πᾶσαι αἱ παρθένοι ἐκεῖναι καὶ ἐκόσμησαν τὰς λαμπάδας ἑαυτῶν.
This parable story is unique to Matthew. Jesus continued with this parable. All those 10 bridesmaids got up (τότε ἠγέρθησαν πᾶσαι αἱ παρθένοι ἐκεῖναι). They trimmed or decorated their lamps so that they would be in good order (καὶ ἐκόσμησαν τὰς λαμπάδας ἑαυτῶν) for the procession. All of these 10 bridesmaids tried to get their lamps or lanterns ready.
“You shall make a lamp stand of pure gold. The base and the shaft of the lamp stand shall be made of hammered work. Its cups, its calyxes, and its petals shall be of one piece with it. There shall be six branches going out of its sides, three branches of the lamp stand out of one side of it and three branches of the lamp stand out of the other side of it. Three cups shaped like almond blossoms, each with calyx and petals, on one branch, and three cups shaped like almond blossoms, each with calyx and petals, on the other branch. So there are six branches going out of the lamp stand. On the lamp stand itself four cups shaped like almond blossoms, each with calyx and petals. There shall be a calyx of one piece with it under the first pair of branches, a calyx of one piece with it under the next pair of branches, and a calyx of one piece with it under the last pair of branches. The six branches go out of the lamp stand. Their calyxes and their branches shall be of one piece with it, the whole of it one hammered piece of pure gold. You shall make the seven lamps for it. The lamps shall be set up so as to give light on the space in front of it. Its snuffers and trays shall be of pure gold. It, and all these utensils, shall be made from a talent of pure gold. See that you make them according to the pattern for them, which will be shown to you on the mountain.”
The lamp stand should be pure gold. It is a golden candlestick with 7 branches of one piece of gold hammered into the various shapes, with cups, calyxes, and petals, like a flower. Three of the branches are on each side with the middle stem, so as to look like a flower. These golden calyxes are like a group of sepals, usually green, around the outside of a flower that encloses and protects the flower bud, around each cup. The snuffers and trays should also be pure gold. The pattern comes from what will be shown to you on the mountain.