The day before the Sabbath (Mk 15:42-15:42)

“Evening had come.

It was the day

Of Preparation.

That is

The day

Before the Sabbath,”

 

Καὶ ἤδη ὀψίας γενομένης, ἐπεὶ ἦν Παρασκευή, ὅ ἐστιν προσάββατον

 

Matthew, chapter 27:57 simply mentioned that it was evening, without any mention of the Sabbath.  Luke, chapter 23:54, and John, chapter 19:42 mentioned the same thing as Mark here that it was the day of preparation for the Sabbath.  Mark said that evening had arrived (Καὶ ἤδη ὀψίας γενομένης), since it was the day of Preparation (ἐπεὶ ἦν Παρασκευή), which is the day before the Sabbath (ὅ ἐστιν προσάββατον).  Everything would have to be done before sundown, which was the beginning of the Sabbath.  Notice that it was evening, since no burials were permitted on the Sabbath or feast days.

The gathering with Pilate (Mt 27:62-27:62)

“The next day,

That is,

After the day of Preparation,

The chief priests

And the Pharisees

Gathered before Pilate.”

 

Τῇ δὲ ἐπαύριον, ἥτις ἐστὶν μετὰ τὴν Παρασκευήν, συνήχθησαν οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς καὶ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι πρὸς Πειλᾶτον

 

This is unique to Matthew, who said that the next day or the tomorrow (Τῇ δὲ ἐπαύριον), after the day of Preparation (ἥτις ἐστὶν μετὰ τὴν Παρασκευήν), the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered before Pilate (συνήχθησαν οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς καὶ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι πρὸς Πειλᾶτον).  Now we have the problem of dating the crucifixion.  What does the following day mean?  This tomorrow was the day after the day of Preparation.  Was it the day of preparation for the Sabbath or the day of preparation for Passover?  Perhaps Passover fell on the Sabbath.  Anyway, the chief priests were joined by the Pharisees, but not the elders or presbyters of Jerusalem as in all the other preceding meetings.  Why did the Pharisees suddenly show up here?  There were no elders, scribes, or Sadducees at this meeting before Pilate, the governor of Judea.