Two robbers on either side (Mk 15:27-15:27)

“They crucified

Two bandits

With him.

One was on his right.

One was on his left.”

 

Καὶ σὺν αὐτῷ σταυροῦσιν δύο λῃστάς, ἕνα ἐκ δεξιῶν καὶ ἕνα ἐξ εὐωνύμων αὐτοῦ.

 

This is almost word for word in Matthew, chapter 27:38.  Luke, chapter 23:39-43, has a dialogue between Jesus and the two bandits or criminals on either side of him, while he was hanging on the cross.  Mark, Matthew, and John never mentioned any interaction of Jesus with either one of these two criminal bandits.  In John, chapter 19:18, there was only a simple mention of two others crucified with him on either side of Jesus, presumably criminals.  Mark said that there were two bandits or robbers crucified with Jesus (Καὶ σὺν αὐτῷ σταυροῦσιν δύο λῃστάς), one on his right side (ἕνα ἐκ δεξιῶν), and the other on his left side (καὶ ἕνα ἐξ εὐωνύμων).

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The two robbers (Mt 27:38-27:38)

“Then two bandits

Were crucified

With Jesus,

One on his right

And one on his left.”

 

Τότε σταυροῦνται σὺν αὐτῷ δύο λῃσταί, εἷς ἐκ δεξιῶν καὶ εἷς ἐξ εὐωνύμων.

 

This is almost word for word in Mark, chapter 15:27.  Luke, chapter 23:39-42, has a dialogue between Jesus and the two bandits or criminals on either side of Jesus, while on the cross.  However, in John, chapter 19:18, there was only a simple mention of two other criminals crucified with him on either side of Jesus.  Matthew said that there were two bandits or robbers crucified with Jesus (Τότε σταυροῦνται σὺν αὐτῷ δύο λῃσταί), one on his right side (εἷς ἐκ δεξιῶν), and the other on his left side (καὶ εἷς ἐξ εὐωνύμων).  Matthew never mentioned any interaction of Jesus with either one of these two criminal bandits.

 

The outcry against Israel (Isa 1:4-1:4)

“O!

Sinful nation!

People laden with iniquity!

Offspring who do evil!

Children who deal corruptly!

They have forsaken Yahweh.

They have despised the Holy One of Israel.

They are utterly estranged!”

Yahweh in his oracle, as pronounced by Isaiah, calls out the Israelites. He calls them a sinful nation of people who are criminals. Their children do evil things and act perversely. They have forsaken the Lord, Yahweh. They have despised the Holy One of Israel, God. They have utterly estranged themselves from Yahweh.  Once again, it is not clear whether this oracle is against just the northern Israelites or also includes the people of Judah. Sometimes the term “Israel” is used for both and sometimes just for the northern Israelites.