“Do not invite death
By the error of your life.
Do not bring on destruction
By the works of your hands.
God did not make death.
He does not delight
In the death of the living.
He created all things
So that they might exist.
The generative forces of the world
There is no destructive poison in them.
The dominion of Hades is not on earth.
Righteousness is immortal.”
This author states clearly that God did not create death (θάνατον). Man has created death that leads to hell, Sheol, or Hades (Άδης). You invite death by the error of your life. You bring on destruction by your own hands. God does not delight in death. God created living things as a generative wholesome force with no destructive poison in them so that they might exist. The kingdom or dominion of Hades is not on earth. Righteousness, or those who act justly, will make you immortal (δικαιοσύνη γὰρ ἀθάνατός ἐστιν), the opposite of death, not dying. Thus this is a vague immortality, somewhat like the Greek immortality of the soul that comes from a good life.
“For lack of wood
The fire goes out.
Where there is no whisperer,
As charcoal is to hot embers,
As wood is to fire,
So a quarrelsome person is for kindling strife.
The words of a whisperer are like delicious morsels.
They go down into the inner parts of the body.”
I guess that I never thought of whisperers as a problem. Clearly they are. These whisperers create quarrels. They are like wood to a fire, like charcoal on hot embers, or like kindling wood. These whisperers must be people who go around spreading rumors. Once again, almost word for word from chapter 18, the whisperer is compared to a delightful delicious morsel until you swallow it. Then it goes into the inner parts of your body and causes internal problems.
“Yahweh hates six things.
But seven are an abomination to him.
They are haughty eyes.
They include a lying tongue.
They are hands that shed innocent blood.
They include a heart that devises wicked plans.
They are feet that hurry to run to evil.
They include a lying witness who testifies falsely.
They include anyone who sows discord in a family.”
This is a numerical listing of vices like the medieval 7 deadly sins. Although Yahweh hates 6 things, 7 are an abomination to him. Among these 7 mentioned, lying is mentioned twice. The first is haughty eyes. The second is the lying tongue. Thus eyes and mouths can create evil vices. Then there are hands that shed innocent blood and feet that run to evil. Thus hands and feet can do evil. Then there is the heart that devises wicked plans. There is then a second mention of lying, by being a false witness, which is somehow different than just a lying tongue. Finally, there is the 7th vice of sowing discord in a family.
“Create in me a clean heart!
Put a new spirit within me!
Put a right spirit within me!
Do not cast me away from your presence.
Do not take your Holy Spirit from me.
Restore to me
The joy of your salvation.
Sustain in me a willing spirit.”
David wanted God to create a clean heart, a new right spirit, the Holy Spirit. He did not want to leave the presence of God. The Holy Spirit would remain with him. He wanted to be restored to the joy of salvation, while retaining his willing spirit. Clearly this is an internal spiritual new life, what some might call a born again experience that David wishes to undergo. He wanted this “Holy Spirit” to be in him.