And the Pharisees
Whether he would cure
On the Sabbath.
They might find
παρετηροῦντο δὲ αὐτὸν οἱ γραμματεῖς καὶ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι εἰ ἐν τῷ σαββάτῳ θεραπεύει, ἵνα εὕρωσιν κατηγορεῖν αὐτοῦ.
Luke said that the Scribes (οἱ γραμματεῖς) and the Pharisees (καὶ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι) were watching or closely observing Jesus (παρετηροῦντο δὲ αὐτὸν) to see whether he would cure or heal (θεραπεύει) this man’s hand on the Sabbath (εἰ ἐν τῷ σαββάτῳ). Thus, they might find an accusation against him (ἵνα εὕρωσιν κατηγορεῖν αὐτοῦ). Matthew, chapter 12:10, and Mark, chapter 3:2, are similar to this incident in Luke. However, Matthew had the Pharisees confront Jesus with a question, while Luke followed Mark in saying that the Scribes and Pharisees were merely watching to see if Jesus would cure this man with the withered hand on the Sabbath. Matthew said specifically that the Pharisees interrogated Jesus whether it was lawful to heal, cure, or serve anyone on the Sabbath. They were trying to see if they could accuse Jesus of breaking the Sabbath. Jewish law allowed people to help in cases of distress on the Sabbath. Clearly, this was a trap question.