Luke is the only synoptic writer with this parable about the widow and the bad judge. Luke indicated that Jesus concluded this story with a solemn pronouncement (λέγω ὑμῖν) that God will quickly grant justice to them (ὅτι ποιήσει τὴν ἐκδίκησιν αὐτῶν ἐν τάχει). When the Son of Man comes (πλὴν ὁ Υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐλθὼν), will he find faith (ἆρα εὑρήσει τὴν πίστιν) on earth (ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς)? What will the Son of Man find on the judgment day? His justice will be quick. The solution, be ready at all times. Are you ready for the Son of Man to return?
Luke uniquely had a big celebration about finding this one lost sheep. Jesus said that when this shepherd came home (καὶ ἐλθὼν εἰς τὸν οἶκον), he called together (συνκαλεῖ) his friends (τοὺς φίλους) and neighbors (καὶ τοὺς γείτονας). He said to them (λέγων αὐτοῖς) to come rejoice with him (Συνχάρητέ μοι) because he had found his lost sheep (ὅτι εὗρον τὸ πρόβατόν μου τὸ ἀπολωλός). Matthew never mentioned this celebration about the found lost sheep. Would you celebrate about finding 1% of something that you had lost?
Next Luke uniquely continued with this Jesus parable. Jesus said that when you are invited to someplace (ἀλλ’ ὅταν κληθῇς), you should go and sit down or recline at the lowest place (πορευθεὶς ἀνάπεσε εἰς τὸν ἔσχατον τόπον). Then when your host who had invited you comes and sees you (ἵνα ὅταν ἔλθῃ ὁ κεκληκώς σε) he might say to you (ἐρεῖ σοι), “Friend (Φίλε)! Move or come up higher (προσανάβηθι ἀνώτερον)!” This προσανάβηθι is another unique word of Luke. Then you will be honored or glorified (τότε ἔσται σοι δόξα) in the presence of all those (ἐνώπιον πάντων) sitting or reclining at the table with you (τῶν συνανακειμένων σοι). In other words, take the lower seat so that you would be honored when the host noticed who you were. That assumes that the host knows who you are, otherwise, why would he have invited you? Have you ever been invited some place where you hardly knew anyone?
Luke indicated that Jesus said to Jerusalem that nothing of their house was left for them as it will be forsaken (ἰδοὺ ἀφίεται ὑμῖν ὁ οἶκος ὑμῶν), using the second person singular. With a solemn pronouncement (λέγω δὲ ὑμῖν), Jesus said that they would not see him, Jesus (οὐ μὴ ἴδητέ με) until the time came when they said (ἕως ἥξει ὅτε εἴπητε) the Hallel Psalm 118:26, “Blessed is the one who comes (Εὐλογημένος ὁ ἐρχόμενος) in the name of the Lord (ἐν ὀνόματι Κυρίου)!” Both Luke and Matthew, chapter 23:38-39, have this desolation of Jerusalem, almost word for word, so that this may be a Q source. Matthew was more detailed. He indicated that Jesus said that their house of worship would be left desolate at its destruction (ἰδοὺ ἀφίεται ὑμῖν ὁ οἶκος ὑμῶν), because Yahweh God would abandon the Temple of Jerusalem. In a solemn pronouncement (λέγω γὰρ ὑμῖν), they would not see him again (οὐ μή με ἴδητε ἀπ’ ἄρτι), until they would say the Hallel Psalm 118:26 about blessed is the One who comes in the name of the Lord (ἕως ἂν εἴπητε Εὐλογημένος ὁ ἐρχόμενος ἐν ὀνόματι Κυρίου). This was a warning against the powerless Temple of Jerusalem, perhaps indicating that Temple had already been destroyed by the time of this writing. Does the destruction of the church Notre Dame de Paris sound like the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple to you?
Luke uniquely indicated that Jesus stated that these slaves had to be alert at night also, not just during the day. Jesus said that if the lord came (ἔλθῃ) during the middle of the night, during the 2nd watch (κἂν ἐν τῇ δευτέρᾳ), or near dawn, during the 3rd watch (κἂν ἐν τῇ τρίτῃ φυλακῇ), and found them alert (καὶ εὕρῃ οὕτως), they would be blessed slaves (μακάριοί εἰσιν ἐκεῖνοι). If the Lord found them alert at night, they would be happy, fortunate, or blessed. Mark, chapter 13:35, said that Jesus warned his disciples to be vigilant. They were to stay awake (γρηγορεῖτε οὖν) because they did not know (οὐκ οἴδατε) when the lord or the master of the house would come back (γὰρ πότε ὁ κύριος τῆς οἰκίας ἔρχεται). It could be at some unexpected time, late in the evening (ἢ ὀψὲ), midnight (ἢ μεσονύκτιον), cockcrow (ἢ ἀλεκτοροφωνίας), or at morning dawn (ἢ πρωΐ). Staying awake at night was a good idea. Do you stay up late, waiting for people?
Luke uniquely indicated that Jesus said blessed, happy, or fortunate (μακάριοι) would be those slaves (οἱ δοῦλοι ἐκεῖνοι) whom the lord or master (ὁ κύριος) found alert or watching (εὑρήσει γρηγοροῦντας) when he came (οὓς ἐλθὼν). With a solemn declaration (ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν), Jesus said this lord would fasten his belt (ὅτι περιζώσεται) and have them sit down or recline at table (καὶ ἀνακλινεῖ αὐτοὺς). Thus, he would come (καὶ παρελθὼν) and serve them (διακονήσει αὐτοῖς). Jesus stated that these alert watchful servants would be happy or blessed. The lord (ὁ κύριος) would then serve them at table. The motto was to be always alert. Are you always alert to what is going on around you?
Luke indicated that Jesus said that they should be like servant men who were waiting for their master or lord (καὶ ὑμεῖς ὅμοιοι ἀνθρώποις προσδεχομένοις τὸν κύριον ἑαυτῶν) to return from the wedding banquet or feast (πότε ἀναλύσῃ ἐκ τῶν γάμων). Thus, they may open the door for him as soon as he comes and knocks (ἵνα ἐλθόντος καὶ κρούσαντος εὐθέως ἀνοίξωσιν αὐτῷ). Notice that the returning person was called lord (τὸν κύριον). Matthew chapter 25:1-12 had a wedding theme, but it was about 10 virgins waiting for the bridegroom. Here Luke has servant men waiting for their master to return from a wedding. They should be ready to open the door for him as soon as he arrived. Would you be a good servant?
Luke indicated that Jesus told them to sell their possessions (Πωλήσατε τὰ ὑπάρχοντα ὑμῶν) and then give alms to charity (καὶ δότε ἐλεημοσύνην). They were to make their own purses (ποιήσατε ἑαυτοῖς βαλλάντια) that did not wear out (ὴ παλαιούμενα). Their unfailing treasure (θησαυρὸν ἀνέκλειπτον) should be in heaven (ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς), where no thief could get near it (ὅπου κλέπτης οὐκ ἐγγίζει) and no moth would destroy it (οὐδὲ σὴς διαφθείρει). This is the only time that the word ἀνέκλειπτον appears in the New Testament literature, meaning unfailing, not giving up. The same idea but in different words can be found in Matthew, chapter 6:19-20. Matthew had Jesus say that they should not store up treasures (Μὴ θησαυρίζετε ὑμῖν θησαυροὺς) here on earth (ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς), because it was too much trouble to store things. Either moths (ὅπου σὴς) would eat up the garments or rust would consume them. This is one of the 3 times that moths are mentioned in the biblical New Testament. The other was the Luke comparative and later in Matthew. Garments were often considered treasures. Rust was a more common term and applied to other goods. Otherwise, thieves might break in and steal it anyhow (καὶ ὅπου κλέπται διορύσσουσιν καὶ κλέπτουσιν). The opposite of the earthly treasures were the heavenly treasures (θησαυρίζετε δὲ ὑμῖν θησαυροὺς ἐν οὐρανῷ) that you should store up. Moths and rust could not consume them (ὅπου οὔτε σὴς οὔτε βρῶσις ἀφανίζει). Thieves could not break in and steal them either (καὶ ὅπου κλέπται οὐ διορύσσουσιν οὐδὲ κλέπτουσιν). Clearly, heaven was a better place to store up treasures than the dangerous earth.
Luke indicated that Jesus said with a solemn pronouncement (λέγω δὲ ὑμῖν) that everyone who acknowledges Jesus before other men (πᾶς ὃς ἂν ὁμολογήσῃ ἐν ἐμοὶ ἔμπροσθεν τῶν ἀνθρώπων), the Son of Man (καὶ ὁ Υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου) would also acknowledge them before (ὁμολογήσει ἐν αὐτῷ ἔμπροσθεν) the angels of God (τῶν ἀγγέλων τοῦ Θεοῦ). This verse is similar to Matthew, chapter 10:32. There was also something similar in Mark, chapter 8:38 and earlier in Luke, chapter 9:26, where it was more about not being ashamed of Jesus. Matthew said that everyone who acknowledged or confessed Jesus before other men, Jesus was also going to acknowledge them before his Father in heaven, not the angels of God as here. Mark reported that Jesus said that those who were ashamed of him and his words, the Son of Man would also be ashamed of them when he comes. The Son of Man was going to come in the glory of his Father, with the holy angels, a clear indication of the end times. Then the Son of Man would repay or judge everyone for what they had done on that judgment day. Luke earlier indicated that Jesus said that those who were ashamed of him and his words, the Son of Man would be ashamed of them when he comes in his glory and the glory of the Father and his holy angels. Jesus said that he would be ashamed of those who were ashamed of him at the judgment end times. Are you ashamed of Jesus?
Luke indicated that Jesus said that those who were ashamed of him (ὃς γὰρ ἂν ἐπαισχυνθῇ με) and his words (καὶ τοὺς ἐμοὺς λόγους), the Son of Man (τοῦτον ὁ Υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου) would be ashamed of them (ἐπαισχυνθήσεται) when he comes (ὅταν ἔλθῃ) in his glory (ἐν τῇ δόξῃ αὐτοῦ) and the glory of the Father (καὶ τοῦ Πατρὸς) and his holy angels (καὶ τῶν ἁγίων ἀγγέλων). Jesus said that he would be ashamed of those who were ashamed of him at the judgment end times. Something similar can be found in all 3 synoptic gospels, Matthew, chapter 16:27, Mark, chapter 8:38, plus here. Mark reported that Jesus said that among this adulterous and sinful generation, there were many ashamed of him and his words. Thus, the Son of Man would also be ashamed of them when he came in the glory of his Father, with the holy angels. Then the Son of Man would judge everyone for what they had done, on that judgment day. Matthew indicated that Jesus said that the judgment end times was coming soon. Jesus said that the Son of Man was going to come in the glory of his Father, with his angels. Then the Son of Man would judge everyone for what they had done, the judgment day. Are you ashamed of Jesus?