“A wise child makes a glad father.
But a foolish child is a mother’s grief.
Treasures gained by wickedness do not profit anyone.
But righteousness delivers from death.
Yahweh does not let the righteous go hungry,
But he thwarts the craving of the wicked.
A slack hand causes poverty.
But the hand of the diligent makes rich.
A child who gathers in summer is prudent,
But a child who sleeps in harvest brings shame.”
Right from the start of these sayings there is the contrast between the wise and the foolish child. Wickedness did not bring profit, but righteousness would save you from death. Early death was considered a punishment for sin. Yahweh would not let the righteous go hungry, but the wicked would be hungry. Notice the contrast and the idea of ‘but’. Here we have the classic explanation of poverty. You are poor because you do not work hard. You are rich because you have worked hard. There is never any mention of circumstances. Once again, we are back at the prudent child who gathers in the summer, while the other shameful child sleeps during the harvest time.