To the disciples.
‘There was a rich man
Who had a house manager.
Charges were brought
To the rich man
That this manager
Ἔλεγεν δὲ καὶ πρὸς τοὺς μαθητάς Ἄνθρωπός τις ἦν πλούσιος ὃς εἶχεν οἰκονόμον, καὶ οὗτος διεβλήθη αὐτῷ ὡς διασκορπίζων τὰ ὑπάρχοντα αὐτοῦ.
This parable story about the dishonest household manager or steward can only be found in Luke, not in any of the other gospel stories. Luke indicated that Jesus said to his disciples (Ἔλεγεν δὲ καὶ πρὸς τοὺς μαθητάς) that there was a rich man (Ἄνθρωπός τις ἦν πλούσιος). He had a manager of his affairs, a household manager, a steward, or a guardian (ὃς εἶχεν οἰκονόμον). Luke used this unique Greek word οἰκονομεῖν, meaning household manager. Although traditionally, he has been called a steward in English, household manager seems more correct. However, charges were brought to the rich man (καὶ οὗτος διεβλήθη αὐτῷ). This Greek word διεβλήθη is found once in the New Testament literature, only here in this story or parable of Luke. The word διεβλήθη means slander, complaint, or accusation. Someone had accused this manager of squandering or wasting this rich man’s property or possessions (ὡς διασκορπίζων τὰ ὑπάρχοντα αὐτοῦ). This rich man had a house manager taking care of his possessions. Apparently, it was reported to him, that his manager was not doing a good job and may have been taking some of his property. It is not exactly clear, but there were some problems. Have you ever had a problem with someone who was to manage something for you?
“Pilate asked him again.
‘Have you no answer?
See how many charges
They bring against you!’”
ὁ δὲ Πειλᾶτος πάλιν ἐπηρώτα αὐτὸν λέγων Οὐκ ἀποκρίνῃ οὐδέν; ἴδε πόσα σου κατηγοροῦσιν
This is almost word for word in Matthew, chapter 27:12-13. In Luke, chapter 23:9-10, this dialogue took place before Governor Herod Antipas in Galilee, instead of here before Governor Pontius Pilate in Judea. Mark said that Pilate asked Jesus again (ὁ δὲ Πειλᾶτος πάλιν ἐπηρώτα αὐτὸν). Why had he not answered (λέγων Οὐκ ἀποκρίνῃ οὐδέν)? They have testified with so many charges against Jesus (ἴδε πόσα σου κατηγοροῦσιν). Pilate may have wondered if Jesus had not heard how many accusations that they had made against him, as indicated in Matthew. Do you ignore accusations against you?
“Then they said.
Let us make plots against Jeremiah!
Instruction shall not perish
From the priest.
Counsel shall not perish
From the wise.
The word shall not perish
From the prophet.
Let us bring charges against him!
Let us not heed any of his words!’”
This unidentified they, maybe the people of Anathoth mentioned in chapter 11, are making a plot against Jeremiah. This is Jeremiah reporting about a plot against himself. These people said, that if they got rid of Jeremiah, the priests would still instruct, the wise would still counsel people, and the prophets would still prophesize. Thus they decided to bring charges against him. They were not going to listen to his words anymore.
“Charges were brought against Menelaus about this incident in Jerusalem. When the king came to Tyre, three men sent by the senate presented the case before him. But Menelaus, already as good as beaten, promised a substantial bribe to Ptolemy son of Dorymenes to win over the king. Therefore Ptolemy, taking the king aside into a colonnade as if for refreshment, induced the king to change his mind. He acquitted Menelaus, the cause of all the trouble, of the charges against him. Meanwhile, the king sentenced to death those unfortunate men, who would have been freed un-condemned if they had pleaded even before the Scythians. So those who had spoken for the city, the villages, and the holy vessels quickly suffered the unjust penalty. Therefore even the Tyrians, showing their hatred of the crime, provided magnificently for their funeral. But Menelaus, because of the greed of those in power, remained in office. He grew in wickedness. He had become the chief plotter against his fellow citizens.”
There were charges brought against Menelaus concerning this whole affair of Lysimachus in Jerusalem. King Antiochus IV came to Tyre to hear the case. 3 men from the Jewish Senate presented the case before the king. Menelaus bribed Ptolemy, the king’s friend, who had been the governor of Cyprus. Thus he put in the fix with the king so that the 3 accusers were condemned and killed, while Menelaus was acquitted. Those who spoke for the city, the villages, and the villages lost their lives, while Menelaus remained in office and grew in wickedness. He continued to plot against his fellow citizens. This was worse justice than that of the barbarian Scythians in southern Russia. Apparently these Scythians were considered the worst kind of people at that time. The locals in Tyre were also upset so they provided a wonderful funeral for the 3 men from Jerusalem, although the 3 men had been condemned to death by the king.