Simon sends his sons to fight (1 Macc 16:1-16:3)

“John went up from Gazara. He reported to his father Simon what Cendebeus had done. Simon called in his two older sons Judas and John. He said to them.

‘My brothers and I

And my father’s house

Have fought the wars of Israel

From our youth until this day.

Things have prospered in our hands

We have delivered Israel many times.

But now I have grown old.

You by heaven’s mercy are mature in years.

Take my place and my brother’s.

Go out and fight for our nation.

May the help which comes from heaven be with you!’”

Remember that John, the son of Simon, had been the commander of the coastal area. He went to his father to tell him what Cendebeus had done. Now in a strange episode, Simon said that he was too old to fight. His sons Judas and John would have to fight from now on for Israel. They would need the help of heaven to succeed.

Cendebeus, commander of the coastal country (1 Macc 15:37-15:41)

“Meanwhile King Trypho embarked on a ship as he escaped to Orthosia. Then King Antiochus made Cendebeus the commander-in-chief of the coastal country. He gave him troops of infantry and cavalry. He commanded him to encamp against Judea. He commanded him to build up Kedron and fortify its gates. He was to make war on the people. However, the king was going to pursue Trypho. So Cendebeus came to Jamnia. He began to provoke the people and invade Judea. He took the people captive and killed them. He built up Kedron. Then he stationed horsemen and troops there, so that they might go out and make raids along the highways of Judea, as the king had ordered him.”

The siege at Dor did not work that well. King Trypho escaped from King Antiochus VII as he got on a boat and went to Orthosia, which was north of Tripolis. At the same time, King Antiochus VII was concerned about Simon and Judea. He made Cendebeus the commander of the coastal country with cavalry troops and infantry. His orders were to harass Judea, while the king went after King Trypho, so that he could claim the throne. Cendebeus built up the town of Kedron, probably southwest of Ekron, where he stationed horses and troops so that they could go out and make raids on the Judea highways, as he had been ordered to do.