King David prepares for the construction of the temple (1 Chr 22:2-22:4)

“King David gave orders to gather together the aliens who were in the land of Israel. He set stonecutters to prepare dressed stones for building the house of God. King David also provided great stores of iron for nails for the doors of the gates and for the clamps. He provided bronze in quantities beyond weighing. He had cedar logs without number. The Sidonians and Tyrians brought great quantities of cedar to King David.”

Instead of King Solomon as the builder of the temple as in 1 Kings, chapters 6-8, here King David takes an active role. King David gave the orders. He wanted the aliens gathered together so that they could be the workers. He wanted stonecutters. He provided iron and bronze. He also got great quantities of cedar from Sidon and Tyre.

The style of the temple (1 Kings 6:4-6:10)

“For the house he made windows with recessed frames. He also built a structure against the wall of the house, running around the walls of the house, both the nave and the inner sanctuary. He made side chambers all around. The lowest story was five cubits wide. The middle one was six cubits wide. The third was seven cubits wide. For around the outside of the house he made offsets on the wall in order that the supporting beams should not be inserted into the walls of the house. The house was built with stone finished at the quarry. Thus neither hammer, nor an axe, or any tool of iron was heard in the temple while it was being built. The entrance for the middle story was on the south side of the house. One went up by winding stairs to the middle story, and then from the middle story to the third. So he built the house and finished it. He roofed the house with beams and planks of cedar. He built the structure against the whole house, each story five cubits high. It was joined to the house with timbers of cedar.”

The windows had recessed frames. There were side chambers all around the wall. There was a 3 story structure inside along the walls, the lowest being 5 cubits wise (7 ½ feet) the next 6 cubits wide (9 feet) and the top one 7 cubits wide (10 ½ feet). It was wider as it got taller. On the outside wall they put offsets in the wall. The stone was finished at the quarry where it was mined. There was no sound of hammer or axe heard in the temple. You got to the middle and upper stories via the south side entrance and winding stairs. The ceiling and roof were beams and planks of cedar.   Each story was 5 cubits high (7 ½ feet) and joined with cedar wood, which probably came from Lebanon.