Luke indicated that Jesus said that if Satan was divided against himself (εἰ δὲ καὶ ὁ Σατανᾶς ἐφ’ ἑαυτὸν διεμερίσθη), how would his kingdom stand (πῶς σταθήσεται ἡ βασιλεία αὐτοῦ)? They were saying (ὅτι λέγετε) that he was casting out demons (ἐκβάλλειν με τὰ δαιμόνια) by Beelzebul (ἐν Βεελζεβοὺλ). Notice that the term used for the devil is now Satan, not Beelzebul. Satan was the more familiar Hebrew term that considered the devil as a fallen angel. There were similar statements in Matthew, chapter 12:26, and Mark, chapter 3:26. Mark asked how was Satan able to cast out Satan? If Satan has risen up against himself, he was divided. He would not be able to last or stand, because the end of Satan has come. Matthew also stated that if Satan was casting out Satan, then he was divided against himself. How can his kingdom last? These were legitimate concerns. How was this divided kingdom of Satan and Beelzebul going to continue? What do you about all this talk about the devil, demons, Satan, and Beelzebul?
Luke said that Jesus was casting out a demon (Καὶ ἦν ἐκβάλλων δαιμόνιον) who was in a mute person (καὶ αὐτὸ ἦν κωφόν). When the demon had left (ἐγένετο δὲ τοῦ δαιμονίου ἐξελθόντος), the mute person spoke (ἐλάλησεν ὁ κωφός). The crowds were amazed (καὶ ἐθαύμασαν οἱ ὄχλοι). There was something similar to this in Matthew, chapter 9:32-33, and Matthew, chapter 12:22-23. In chapter 9, Matthew said that Jesus was going on his way, when someone brought a mute or non-speaking demoniac person to him. Jesus then cast out the demon from this man, so that this mute person began to speak. The crowds marveled in awe at this happening. They said that nothing like this had ever happened in Israel. However, in chapter 8:28-33, Matthew had Jesus cast out demons from the demoniacs and send them into the pigs, but that was on the east side of the Jordan River. In chapter 12 of Matthew, a man, possessed by the devil was both mute and blind. Jesus then healed him, but there was no mention of casting out a demon from this man, although that could be assumed. Then this mute and blind person began to speak and see, with the emphasis on healing, not on exorcising. This crowd was also amazed or astonished about what they saw. They wondered whether Jesus was the Son of David. The historical son of David was Solomon, who also had healing powers. “Son of David (υἱὸς Δαυείδ)” was also a royal or messianic name. However, here in Luke, exorcising the demon was important, rather than healing or any messianic expectation. Have you ever seen a mute person speak?
This was another of Mark’s summary statements. Luke, chapter 4:44, has something similar, but Luke said that it was Judea and not Galilee. Besides, Luke did not mention anything about casting out demons. Matthew, chapter 4:23, is also somewhat similar. Matthew implied that Jesus went all over Galilee, as he was teaching in their synagogues. He said that Jesus was proclaiming the good news or the gospel about the kingdom, without saying whether it was the kingdom of God, the kingdom of heaven, or even an earthly kingdom. Here Mark said that Jesus went throughout the whole of Galilee (καὶ ἦλθεν…εἰς ὅλην τὴν Γαλιλαίαν), as he proclaimed or preached this unspecified message in their synagogues (κηρύσσων εἰς τὰς συναγωγὰς αὐτῶν). The synagogue was a new developing Jewish gathering place that might mean a group or assembly of Jewish people rather than a building, since some places may not have been able to afford a building. At the same time, Jesus was casting out demons (καὶ τὰ δαιμόνια ἐκβάλλων). Mark seemed very intent on emphasizing that Jesus was casting out demons along with his undefined preaching. He gave the impression that this took place all over Galilee without mentioning any particular place.