The two major parts of the Christian Bible are the Old Testament and the New Testament. Does this give a false impression that we have two different Bibles? The New Testament books make references to the Old Testament works. There was no New Testament canon until the second century, since consensus on its contents did not occur until the late fourth century. The Old Testament or Hebrew Bible canon has an even more complicated history. Often, people are surprised to learn that two-thirds of what we call the Christian Bible actually existed before the time of Christ, since it describes the words and actions of God’s interaction with his promised chosen people, the Israelites, the Hebrews, or the Jews.