Calls him Lord.
So how can he be
The large crowd
Was listening to him
αὐτὸς Δαυεὶδ λέγει αὐτὸν Κύριον, καὶ πόθεν αὐτοῦ ἐστιν υἱός; Καὶ ὁ πολὺς ὄχλος ἤκουεν αὐτοῦ ἡδέως.
There is something similar in Matthew, chapter 22:35-37, and Luke, chapter 20:45. What did David mean when he called the future Messiah Christ, a son of David? The traditional belief was that the Messiah Christ would be the son or descendent of David. Jesus then posed this big question. Mark indicated that Jesus asked how can David call the Messiah Lord (αὐτὸς Δαυεὶδ λέγει αὐτὸν Κύριον) and yet be the son of David (καὶ πόθεν αὐτοῦ ἐστιν υἱός)? This was a trick question. Why would David call his future son or descendant his own Lord or master, or consider him greater? The implication was that Jesus, the Son of Man, and descendant of David, was greater than David. Peter, in fact, repeated this citation of Psalm 110 in his preaching in the Acts of the Apostles, chapter 2:34-35, also. Only Mark had the comment that the large crowd was listening to Jesus with delight or gladly (Καὶ ὁ πολὺς ὄχλος ἤκουεν αὐτοῦ ἡδέως).
“Jesus said to them.
‘How is it then
Inspired by the Spirit,
Calls him Lord?
‘The Lord said
To my Lord.
‘Sit at my right hand,
Until I put your enemies
Under your feet.’
If David thus calls him Lord,
How can he be his son?’”
λέγει αὐτοῖς Πῶς οὖν Δαυεὶδ ἐν Πνεύματι καλεῖ αὐτὸν Κύριον λέγω
Εἶπεν Κύριος τῷ Κυρίῳ μου Κάθου ἐκ δεξιῶν μου ἕως ἂν θῶ τοὺς ἐχθρούς σου ὑποκάτω τῶν ποδῶν σου;
εἰ οὖν Δαυεὶδ καλεῖ αὐτὸν Κύριον, πῶς υἱὸς αὐτοῦ ἐστιν;
There is something similar in Mark, chapter 12:35-37, and Luke, chapter 20:41-44, almost word for word. Jesus said to these Pharisees (λέγει αὐτοῖς). What did David mean when, inspired by the Spirit, he called the future Messiah, a son of David, “Lord” (Πῶς οὖν Δαυεὶδ ἐν Πνεύματι καλεῖ αὐτὸν Κύριον λέγω). Jesus then cited Psalm 110:1, where David said that the Lord said to his Lord to sit at his right hand (Εἶπεν Κύριος τῷ Κυρίῳ μου Κάθου ἐκ δεξιῶν μου). He should sit there until he put all his enemies under his feet (ἕως ἂν θῶ τοὺς ἐχθρούς σου ὑποκάτω τῶν ποδῶν σου). Jesus then posed the big question. How can David call the Messiah Lord (εἰ οὖν Δαυεὶδ καλεῖ αὐτὸν Κύριον) if he is the son of David (πῶς υἱὸς αὐτοῦ ἐστιν)? This is a trick question. Why would David call his future son or descendant his own Lord, master, or greater than him? The response was that Jesus, the Son of Man, and descendant of David, was greater than David. Peter repeated this citation of Psalm 110 in his preaching in the Acts of the Apostles, chapter 2:34-35, also.
“Yahweh has walled me about
So that I cannot escape.
He has put heavy chains
Although I call,
Although I cry for help,
He shuts out
He has blocked
With hewn stones.
He has made
My paths crooked.”
This author feels walled in. He cannot escape, because he has heavy chains on him. When he calls for help, no one listens to him. Yahweh has blocked his way with carved stone walls. He can no longer walk a straight path, since all his paths are crooked, like a maze. These three verses start with the Hebrew consonant letter Gimel in this acrostic poem.
“The Israelites did not destroy the peoples,
As Yahweh commanded them.
But they mingled with the nations.
They learned to do as they did.
They served their idols.
This became a snare to them.
They sacrificed their sons to the demons.
They sacrificed their daughters to the demons.
They poured out innocent blood,
The blood of their sons and daughters.
They sacrificed them to the idols of Canaan.
The land was polluted with blood.
Thus they became unclean by their acts.
They prostituted themselves in their doings.”
This section of this psalm is based on the description in Judges, chapter 2, when the Israelites worshipped Baal in their new home. Instead of destroying the people of Canaan as Yahweh had instructed, they mingled and intermarried with the local inhabitants. With that, they did what the locals were doing, worshiping the local gods of Baal as they served these local idol gods. Part of their rituals was the sacrificial offering up of sons and daughters. They sacrificed their children to the demons. In thus killing their own children the blood of the young children polluted the land. The psalmist here calls them prostitutes who became unclean by their own acts.
“Know that Yahweh has set apart
The faithful for himself.
When I call to him.”
Yahweh always sets apart his believers. Yahweh listens to the faithful. Thus David who assumed that he is one of the faithful will always find Yahweh listening to him when he calls. There is a certain certainty or self righteousness to David and his followers.