In this oracle, Yahweh said that he was going to free the prisoners from their dungeons or waterless pits, because of the covenant or blood treaty that he had with Israel. Perhaps, this is an allusion to the Temple sacrifices. The former prisoners of hope or captives would return to their stronghold, since Yahweh was going to double what they had before. He was going to use Judah in the south and Ephraim in the north as a bow and arrow against other countries, such as Greece. Yahweh was going to wield them like a warrior’s sword.
Yahweh was like a bear or a lion waiting to attack this author. He was afraid to be torn into pieces since he had become desolate. Meanwhile, Yahweh has aimed his bow and arrow at him. This is a man in a lot of trouble. These three verses start with the Hebrew consonant letter Daleth in this acrostic poem.
Elam was an ancient pre-Persian society, east of Babylon, in what is now present day Iran. There is very little mention of Elam in the biblical works. From the text, this oracle can be dated to the beginning of the reign of King Zedekiah (598-597 BCE) of Judah. Whether this was an attack of the king of Babylon or a hint at the later Persian attack is not clear. Yahweh was going to break the bow of Elam because the Elamites were famous for their strong use of the bow and arrow. Although most of the preceding parts of this chapter were translated as chapter 30 in the Greek Septuagint, this section on Elam was translated as chapter 25, not chapter 30 or chapter 49 as here.
“But a certain man drew his bow and unknowingly struck the king of Israel between the scale armor and the breastplate. So King Ahab said to the driver of his chariot. ‘Turn around. Carry me out of the battle, for I am wounded.’ The battle grew hot that day. The king of Israel propped himself up in his chariot facing the Arameans, until evening. Then at sunset he died.”
Once again, this is almost word for word from 1 Kings, chapter 22. King Ahab was struck by a stray arrow that caused him to bleed in his chariot. He stayed in his chariot as he tried to leave the battle field. He died at sunset that day. Here there is no mention of his blood dripping to the bottom of his chariot, nor is there any indication that the troops scattered. However, the prophecy of Micaiah was happening as he said it would.