The Five Scrolls

Then there are the five scrolls that includes the poetic love story the Song of Solomon, or the Song of Songs from the 6th century BCE.  The Book of Ruth was about the story of Ruth, a Moabite foreigner who came to Israel, from the 9th to the 6th century BCE.  Lamentations has usually been ascribed to Jeremiah the prophet from the 6th century BCE.  Ecclesiastes is like a book of wisdom proverbs from the 4th century BCE.  The story of Esther is about a Jewish lady who becomes a Persian queen also from the 4th century BCE.

The ode to wisdom (Wis 7:24-7:26)

“Wisdom is more mobile

Than any motion.

Because of her pureness

She pervades all things.

She penetrates all things.

She is a breath

Of the power of God.

She is a pure emanation

Of the glory of the Almighty.

Therefore nothing defiled

Gains entrance into her.

She is a reflection of eternal light.

She is a spotless mirror

Of the working of God.

She is an image

Of his goodness.”

Wisdom (σοφία) is clearly tied to God, so that the obvious comparison to the Christian Holy Spirit continues. This female wisdom is more mobile than any motion. She is pure so that she pervades and penetrates all things. She is a breath of the power of God (τοῦ Θεοῦ δυνάμεως), a pure emanation of the glory of the Almighty (τοῦ Παντοκράτορος δόξης). Nothing defiled gains entrance into her. She is the reflection of an eternal light (φωτὸς ἀϊδίου) like a spotless mirror of a working God (τοῦ Θεοῦ ἐνεργείας). She is the image of his goodness. Many of these same things have said about the Holy Spirit.

Outline of Book of Wisdom of Solomon

Outline of Book of Wisdom of Solomon


1. Wisdom and human destiny

Seek God (Wis 1:1-1:5)

The Spirit of God (Wis 1:6-1:11)

Immortality (Wis 1:12-1:15)

Covenant with death (Wis 1:16-1:16)


The reasoning of the impious (Wis 2:1-2:5)

Enjoy life (Wis 2:6-2:9)

Wicked actions (Wis 2:10-2:11)

The annoying righteous one (Wis 2:12-2:16)

The test of the righteous one (Wis 2:17-2:20)

The error of the impious (Wis 2:21-2:24)


The immortality of the just (Wis 3: 1-3:6)

The visitation (Wis 3:7-3:9)

The punishment of the unjust (Wis 3:10-3:13)

The blessed ones (Wis 3:13-3:15)

The children of adulterers (Wis 3:16-3:19)


Virtue (Wis 4:1-4:2)

The fate of the children of the ungodly (Wis 4:3-4:6)

Old age (Wis 4:7-4:9)

Premature death of the righteous (Wis 4:10-4:15)

The death of the unjust (Wis 4:16-4:19)

The judgment of the unjust (Wis 4:20-4:20)


The righteous stand tall (Wis 5:1-5:3)

The response of the unjust (Wis 5:3-5:8)

The traceless end of the unjust (Wis 5:9-5:13)

There is no hope for the ungodly (Wis 5:14-5:14)

The righteous live forever (Wis 5:15-5:16)

The Lord prepares for the battle (Wis 5:17-5:20)

The battle rages (Wis 5:21-5:23)


 2. Origin, Nature, and action of wisdom and how to acquire it

Listen up kings and judges! (Wis 6:1-6:3)

The judgment of God (Wis 6:4-6:8)

Words for the kings (Wis 6:9-6:11)

The beauty of wisdom (Wis 6:12-6:16)

The desire for wisdom (Wis 6:17-6:20)

Honor wisdom (Wis 6:21-6:21)

The history of wisdom (Wis 6:22-6:25)


The birth of Solomon (Wis 7:1-7:6)

The esteemed wisdom (Wis 7:7-7:14)

The great gift of God (Wis 7:15-7:16)

Great knowledge (Wis 7:17-7:21)

The qualities of wisdom (Wis 7:22-7:23)

The ode to wisdom (Wis 7:24-7:26)

The presence of wisdom (Wis 7:27-7:30)


Wisdom on earth (Wis 8:1-8:1)

Wisdom as a lover (Wis 8:2-8:4)

Wisdom is greater than any good (Wis 8:5-8:8)

Wisdom lives with me (Wis 8:9-8:9)

The effects of indispensable wisdom (Wis 8:10-8:15)

The blissful rest of wisdom (Wis 8:16-8:16)

The demand for wisdom (Wis 8:17-8:21)


Prayer to obtain wisdom (Wis 9:1-9:4)

The chosen king (Wis 9:5-9:7)

Building of the Temple (Wis 9:8-9:8)

The presence of wisdom (Wis 9:9-9:12)

The will of God (Wis 9:13-9:18)


  3. Wisdom and God in History

The father of the world (Wis 10:1-10:2)

Fratricide (Wis 10:3-10:3)

The flood (Wis 10:4-10:4)

Tower of Babel and Abraham (Wis 10:5-10:5)

Lot (Wis 10:6-10:8)

The righteous Jacob (Wis 10:9-10:12)

The righteous Joseph (Wis 10:13-10:14)

Moses (Wis 10:15-10:16)

The Exodus from Egypt (Wis 10:17-10:21)


The holy prophet Moses (Wis 11:1-11:4)

The ambiguity of water (Wis 11:5-11:8)

The test (Wis 11:9-11:14)

Divine punishment towards Egypt (Wis 11:15-11:20)

The power of God (Wis 11:21-11:26)


Immortal spirit (Wis 12:1-12:2)

God’s attitude towards Canaan (Wis 12:3-12:7)

The Canaanites (Wis 12:8-12:11)

You cannot question the judgment of God (Wis 12:12-12:14)

Righteous power (Wis 12:15-12:18)

Lessons from divine judgment (Wis 12:19-12:22)

God is rigorous (Wis 12:23-12:27)


The false worship of natural forces (Wis 13:1-13:2)

The creator (Wis 13:3-13:5)

These false worshipers are seeking something (Wis 13:6-13:9)

The worship of idols (Wis 13:10-13:10)

How a carpenter makes false idols (Wis 13:11-13:16)

The praying to false idols (Wis 13:17-13:19)


Ship’s wooden idols and providence (Wis 14:1-14:5)

The historical importance of the ark of Noah (Wis 14:6-14:7)

Accursed false idol worship (Wis 14:8-14:11)

Origin of the worship of idols (Wis 14:12-14:14)

The false worship of the dead (Wis 14:15-14:16)

The false worship of kings (Wis 14:17-14:21)

Evil consequences of the worship of false idols (Wis 14:22-14:26)

Worship of false idols is the cause of all evil (Wis 14:27-14:29)

The punishment for the unrighteous (Wis 14:30-14:31)


Merciful God (Wis 15:1-15:3)

The evil idols (Wis 15:4-15:6)

The folly of the artistic idol maker (Wis 15:7-15:8)

The guilt of the idol makers (Wis 15:9-15:13)

The folly of the Egyptian idols (Wis 15:14-15:17)

Animal worship (Wis 15:18-15:19)


Difference between Egypt and Israel (Wis 16:1-16:4)

The sign of the serpents (Wis 16:5-16:7)

Locusts and flies (Wis 16:8-16:9)

The serpents (Wis 16:10-16:12)

Death (Wis 16:13-16:14)

The power of fire (Wis 16:15-16:19)

The food of angels (Wis 16:20-16:23)

Pray to God (Wis 16:24-16:29)


Darkness (Wis 17:1-17:6)

The failure of the Egyptian magicians (Wis 17:7-17:10)

Wickedness (Wis 17:11-17:14)

The great fear (Wis 17:15-17:17)

The power of natural forces (Wis 17:18-17:21)


Pillar of fire for the holy ones (Wis 18:1-18:4)

The extermination of the first-born Egyptians (Wis 18:5-18:9)

The reaction to the death of the first born (Wis 18:10-18:13)

The powerful word of God (Wis 18:14-18:16)

Dreams of death (Wis 18:17-18:19)

The plague on the righteous (Wis 18:20-18:25)


The escape from Egypt (Wis 19:1-19:5)

The marvelous Red Sea experience (Wis 19:6-19:9)

Food on the journey (Wis 19:10-19:12)

Egypt was more culpable than Sodom (Wis 19:13-19:17)