The descendants of Benjamin (1 Chr 8:1-8:2)

“Benjamin became the father of Bela his first-born son, Ashbel the second, Aharah the third, Nohah the fourth, and Rapha the fifth.”

Once again we are back to the sons of Benjamin, the youngest of the sons of Jacob, who had a number of sons. Based on Genesis, chapter 46, he had 10 sons. In Numbers, chapter 26, he had 5 sons, while earlier in chapter 7 of this book he had 3 sons. Here he has 5. There is a substantial difference between the lists of the descendants of Benjamin in Genesis, chapter 46, Numbers, chapter 26, and in chapter 7 of this book. Only 1 name is the same in all 4 lists including this list, (1) Bela, the first born. (2) Ashbel was listed in both Genesis and Numbers, but not in chapter 7 where Becher and Jediael were listed as the 3 sons of Benjamin. Perhaps Jediael is the same as Ashbel. However, the other 3 sons listed here were on none of the other 3 lists. (3) Aharah and (4) Nohah are only listed here, while (5) Rapha was the name of one of Saul’s descendents. Missing from the list in Numbers were Becher, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard. Becher is listed as a son of Ephraim, so that may be why he is not in Numbers. In other books of the Bible, Gera is listed as a son of Benjamin, but not in Numbers. Naaman and Ard are listed as the descendants of Bela, not of Benjamin as in Genesis. The mention of Ehi and Muppim in Genesis are the only mentions of these two in the biblical works. Rosh is some sort of kingdom in later works. It is possible that Hupham is just another way of saying Huppim, since they are both listed only once in Numbers and Genesis. Both Ahiram and Shephupham are only listed in Numbers, and in no other works. Certainly the sons of Benjamin are not clear whether they were 10, 5, or 3. Both Numbers and here have 5 sons with only 2 with the same name. The Benjaminites seem to have a checkered past with almost being eliminated in Judges, chapter 20, to having a special place here with Jerusalem.

The sons of Benjamin (1 Chr 7:6-7:6)

“The three sons of Benjamin were Bela, Becher, and Jediael.”

Benjamin, the youngest of the sons of Jacob, had a number of sons. Based on Genesis, chapter 46, he had 10 sons. In Numbers, chapter 26, he had 5 sons, while here he has 3 sons. There is a substantial difference between the lists of the descendants of Benjamin in Genesis, Numbers, and here. In Genesis, Benjamin (Benjaminites) had 10 sons, including Bela (the Belaites) and Becher (Becherites). Only 1 name is the same in all 3 lists, (1) Bela. Bela was another name for the place called Zoar in Genesis. In fact, today there are many places throughout the world named Bela. There are 2 other people named Bela in other biblical tales. Those missing from the list in Numbers are (2) Becher, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard. Becher is listed as a son of Ephraim, so that may be why he is not in Numbers. In other books of the Bible, Gera is listed as a son of Benjamin, but not in Numbers. Naaman and Ard are listed as the descendants of Bela, not of Benjamin as in Genesis. The mention of Ehi and Muppim in Genesis are the only mentions of these two in the biblical works. Rosh is some sort of kingdom in later works. It is possible that Hupham is just another way of saying Huppim, since they are both listed only once in Numbers and Genesis. Both Ahiram and Shephupham are only listed in Numbers, and in no other works. Here (3) Jediael was not listed in Genesis or Numbers. Perhaps he is the same as the Ashbel that is found in both Genesis and Numbers, but not here. Certainly this is not as clear as the sons of Issachar.

The kings of Edom (1 Chr 1:43-1:50)

“These are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom, before any king reigned over the Israelites. Bela son of Beor reigned in Edom. The name of his city was Dinhabah. When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerah of Bozrah succeeded him as king. When Jobab died, Husham of the land of the Temanites succeeded him as king. When Husham died, Hadad son of Bedad, who defeated Midian in the country of Moab, succeeded him as king. The name of his city was Avith. When Hadad died, Samlah of Masrekah succeeded him as king. When Samlah died, Shaul of Rehoboth on the Euphrates succeeded him as king. When Shaul died, Baal-hanan son of Achbor succeeded him as king. When Baal-hanan son of Achbor died, Hadad succeeded him as king. The name of his city was Pai. His wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, daughter of Mezahab. Hadad also died”

These are the descendants of Esau or Edom, the Edomite kings before there were kings in Israel. This is almost the exact wording of Genesis, chapter 36. (1) Bela was the son of Beor who lived in Dinhabah, and had a city named after him. There was another Beor later. (2) Jobab was the son of Zerab in Bozrah. Jobab was also the name of a son of Joktan. Zerab was a son of Reuel, the grandson of Esau. (3) Husham was from the land of the Temanites. (4) Hadad was the son of Bedad, who defeated Midian in Moam in Avith. Hadad was a common biblical name, and also the name of a Syrian god. (5) Samlah was from Masrekah. (6) Shaul was from Rehoboth, on the Euphrates. There was another Shaul, son of Simeon. (7) Baal-hunan was the son of Achbor. (8) Hadad was Hadar in Genesis. He was from Pai but Paul in Genesis. His wife was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, daughter of Mezahab. None of these names appear again in biblical literature.