“There are sixty queens.
There are eighty concubines.
There are maidens without number.
My perfect one is the only one.
She is the darling of her mother.
She is flawless to her that bore her.
The maidens saw her.
They called her happy.
The queens saw her.
The concubines also saw her.
They praised her.
‘Who is this that looks forth like the dawn?
Who is as fair as the moon?
Who is as bright as the sun?
Who is as awesome as an army with banners?’”
Now this male lover or prince compares his lover to 60 queens, 80 concubines, and numerous maidens. Is this the king speaking about his various female companions or the prince speaking about them? His lover is considered better than all of them, since she is the perfect one. She was the flawless darling of her mother. Everyone, the queens, the concubines, and the maidens, seems to praise her. They are all looking forward to her as if she was like the dawn of a new day. She was like the moon and the sun combined. She was going to come with an awesome army of banners.
“You are as beautiful as Tirzah.
You are as comely as Jerusalem.
You are as awesome
As an army with banners.
Turn away your eyes from me.
They disturb me.
Your hair is
Like a flock of goats,
Moving down the slopes of Gilead.
Your teeth are
Like a flock of shorn ewes,
That has come up from the washing.
They all bear twins.
Not one among them is bereaved.
Your cheeks are
Like halves of a pomegranate,
Behind your veil.”
Once again we have another poem that is pretty much a repeat of the opening of chapter 4. Here the male lover also proclaims the beauty of his lover. However, he compares her to the two capital cities of Judah and Israel, Tirzah in northern Israel, Jerusalem in southern Judah. In fact, he says that she is awesome like an army with banners. Instead of commending her eyes that were like doves, he wants her to turn her eyes away because they disturb him. He repeats what was in chapter 4 about her hair, teeth, and cheeks. However, he does not repeat what he said earlier in chapter 4 about her lips, mouth, neck, and breasts. Once again he talks about her hair being like a flock of goats coming down the mountain of Gilead. These goats were happy twins, while Gilead was east of the Jordan River. Her teeth were like a flock of young sheep that had just been washed. Her cheeks, although covered with the veil, were like half pomegranates, a fruit that was popular in Babylon.
“May he grant you your heart’s desire!
May he fulfill all your plans!
May we shout for joy over your victory!
May we set up our banners
In the name of our God!
May Yahweh fulfill all your petitions!
This psalmist asked to have all his heart’s desires fulfilled. The plans and the joy of victory is what David and his men wanted. They wanted to set their banners in the name of God. They simply asked that Yahweh fulfill all their requests