This saying of Jesus is similar to Matthew, chapter 24:42, and Luke, chapter 12:38, about the thief at night. Mark said that Jesus warned his disciples to be vigilant. They were to stay awake (γρηγορεῖτε οὖν) because they did not know (οὐκ οἴδατε) when the lord or the master of the house would come back (γὰρ πότε ὁ κύριος τῆς οἰκίας ἔρχεται). It could be at some unexpected time, late in the evening (ἢ ὀψὲ), midnight (ἢ μεσονύκτιον), cockcrow (ἢ ἀλεκτοροφωνίας), or at morning dawn (ἢ πρωΐ).
This is a unique saying of Mark, but not inconsistent with the other gospel stories. When evening came (Καὶ ὅταν ὀψὲ ἐγένετο), Jesus and his disciples went out of the city (ἐξεπορεύοντο ἔξω τῆς πόλεως). Notice that they left Jerusalem at night, probably going to Bethany, which was not far away and where they felt safe.
Edom has suffered like as if thieves had come to them at night. However, these robbers would only take what they wanted. Unlike grape-gatherers who leave gleanings for the poor, these attackers have pillaged Edom and taken its treasures. It was their own allies that deceived Edom. They drove them out of their own country to the border. Their former friends had prevailed against them. The very people, who they used to sit down to break bread with, were the ones who set the trap for them. Who could understand such a thing?
Clearly, the first-person singular indicates that this is no longer a description about Daniel, but Daniel himself writing about his dream or vision. He had this vision at night, as he saw the 4 winds of heaven stirring up the great sea, the Mediterranean Sea.
The second half of this book has a series of visions by Daniel. This is one of Daniel’s own dreams, even though there have many other dreams mentioned already. This dream seemed parallel to the dream of King Nebuchadnezzar in chapter 2. This took place during the first year of King Belshazzar. That would put this dream around 554 BCE, the first year that this king was the viceroy with his father, King Nabonidus (556-539 BCE). Strangely enough, there is hardly any mention of King Nabonidus, the father of King Belshazzar, in this Book of Daniel. This time, Daniel had this vision at night as was laying in his bed. The difference, of course, is that he wrote the dream down.
Jeremiah wanted people to prepare for war. They were to sanctify themselves because war was a sacred action. At first, the enemy wanted to get up and attack at noon. However, the day was declining as the evening shadows came along. Finally, they wanted to attack at night and destroy their palaces.
You will not need the sun or the moon because the everlasting light of Yahweh will be bright enough. There still will be a sun during the day and a moon at night, but the brightness would come from Yahweh. He will be your everlasting light and your glory. This sun of Yahweh will never set. The moon of Yahweh will never hide itself. The days of mourning are over, because Yahweh is the new everlasting light.
The Israelites were to be as happy as when they have a song at night during their holy feasts. They would have a glad heart. The sound of the flute could be heard. They were about to go up to the mountain of Yahweh, probably in Jerusalem. This was the rock of Israel, Yahweh.
This prayer of Isaiah is waiting on Yahweh to come. Yahweh has made a smooth paved path for the righteous. Following the judgments of Yahweh, he is waiting for him. He knows that Yahweh’s name is great. His soul desires and yearns for Yahweh at night. His spirit is with him. Thus he earnestly seeks Yahweh. He wanted God’s judgments to be known among all the inhabitants of the world, so that they might learn righteousness.
Isaiah turns to those who think only about drinking and carousing around. The first thing they think of in the morning is where their next drink is coming from. At night, they only worry about drinking wine while others played musical instruments like the lyre, harp, tambourine, and the flute. While the Israelites were going into exile, these people had no regard for the work of Yahweh and his deeds since they lacked knowledge. The nobles and the people were dying of malnutrition and thirst. However, these folks continued to play on.