The people of Israel were saying that it was useless to worship God. What did they gain by keeping his commandments? How did it help them by walking around mourning before Yahweh? The arrogant ones were the happy ones. The evildoers not only prospered, but when they defied God, they escaped. What was the value of their Yahweh worship?
Yahweh warned that these proud people would have a hard time, because their spirit was not right. The main theme of this simple response was that the righteous live by their faith. This idea that the righteous live by faith was a strong part of the apostle Paul in his Christian belief. On the other hand, wealth was treacherous for the greedy. Thus, the arrogant ones would not endure, because they were more open to the shadowy afterlife of Sheol. These greedy people never had enough. Just like death itself, they were always looking for more people. They had tried to gather all people and countries to themselves as their own, but they were never satisfied.