Are you the king of the Jews? (Jn 18:33-18:33)

“Pilate

Entered the praetorium again.

He summoned Jesus.

He asked him.

‘Are you

The King of the Jews?’”

Εἰσῆλθεν οὖν πάλιν εἰς τὸ πραιτώριον ὁ Πειλᾶτος καὶ ἐφώνησεν τὸν Ἰησοῦν καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ Σὺ εἶ ὁ Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων;

This question is found exactly the same in Greek in all four gospel stories (Σὺ εἶ ὁ Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων).  John indicated that Pilate (ὁ Πειλᾶτος) entered the praetorium again (Εἰσῆλθεν οὖν πάλιν εἰς τὸ πραιτώριον).  He summoned (καὶ ἐφώνησεν) Jesus (τὸν Ἰησοῦν).  He asked him (καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ).  “Are you the King of the Jews (Σὺ εἶ ὁ Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων)?”  In the other synoptic stories, Pilate was already in the praetorium.  Matthew, chapter 27:11, said that Jesus stood before the governor (Ὁ δὲ Ἰησοῦς ἐστάθη ἔμπροσθεν τοῦ ἡγεμόνος), without mentioning his name.  This governor then questioned Jesus (καὶ ἐπηρώτησεν αὐτὸν).  He wanted to know (ὁ ἡγεμὼν λέγων) if Jesus was the “King of the Jews (Σὺ εἶ ὁ Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων).  Mark, chapter 15:2, said that Pilate asked Jesus (καὶ ἐπηρώτησεν αὐτὸν ὁ Πειλᾶτος).  He wanted to know if Jesus was the “King of the Jews (Σὺ εἶ ὁ Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων).”  In Luke, chapter 23:3, Pilate asked Jesus (ὁ δὲ Πειλᾶτος ἠρώτησεν αὐτὸν λέγων) whether he was the king of the Jews (Σὺ εἶ ὁ Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων).  In John here, there was a longer discussion between Jesus and Pilate.  Mark, Matthew, and Luke were almost the same.  This was the basic question about Jesus.  Was he claiming to be a new king of the Jews in Israel?  Do you believe that Jesus was an Israelite political leader of the Jewish people?

Are you the King of the Jews? (Mk 15:2-15:2)

“Pilate asked Jesus.

‘Are you

The King of the Jews?’

Jesus answered him.

‘You say so.’”

 

καὶ ἐπηρώτησεν αὐτὸν ὁ Πειλᾶτος Σὺ εἶ ὁ Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων; ὁ δὲ ἀποκριθεὶς αὐτῷ λέγει Σὺ λέγεις. 

 

This is almost word for word in Matthew, chapter 27:11.  Luke, chapter 23:3, is similar, but there is a longer introduction before Pilate spoke.  In John, chapter 18:33-35 there was a longer discussion between Jesus and Pilate.  Mark said that Pilate asked Jesus (καὶ ἐπηρώτησεν αὐτὸν ὁ Πειλᾶτος).  He wanted to know if Jesus was the “King of the Jews (Σὺ εἶ ὁ Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων).”  If Jesus responded that he was, then he could be considered a threat to the ruling Roman authority.  Instead, Jesus had a simple reply (ὁ δὲ ἀποκριθεὶς αὐτῷ λέγει) that if he Pilate had said so, then it must be so (Σὺ λέγεις).  Jesus would only confirm what Pilate had said, without saying it explicitly himself.  Thus, Jesus was identified as the King of the Jews, or leading a political rebellion against the Roman authorities, without saying so himself.  Are you reluctant to speak out?