Against Hazor (Jer 49:30-49:33)


Wander far away!

Hide in deep places!

O inhabitants of Hazor!’

Says Yahweh.

‘King Nebuchadnezzar

Of Babylon

Has made a plan

Against you.

He has formed a purpose

Against you.

‘Rise up!


Against a nation at ease,

That dwells securely.’

Says Yahweh.

‘They have no gates.

They have no bars.

They live alone.

Their camels

Shall become booty.

Their herds of cattle

Shall become a spoil.

I will scatter to every wind

Those who have shaven temples.

I will bring calamity

Against them

From every side.’

Says Yahweh.

‘Hazor shall become

A liar of jackals,

An everlasting waste.

No one shall live there.

No one shall settle in it.’”

The kingdom of Hazor was the more sedentary northwestern Arab tribes in the Arabian Desert, east of the Jordan River, in present day Saudi Arabia, not the Israelite town of Hazor. Yahweh warned them to flee and get out of there, because King Nebuchadnezzar had a plan against them. Even though they were at ease and secure, they had no gates, bars or fortresses, since they lived alone. The king of Babylon was going to take their flocks of cattle and their camels as the spoils of war. These shaven temple Hazor people would be scattered all over the place with all kinds of trouble on every side. These oasis tent towns would become a wasteland, as if they were not already. No one would want to live and settle there. This is like the previous warnings to other places, earlier in this chapter.




The descendants of Ishmael (Gen 25:12-25:18)

“These are the descendants of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s maid, bore to Abraham.  These are the names of the sons of Ishmael, named in the order of their birth: Nebaioth, the first-born of Ishmael; and Kedar; Adbeel; Mibsam; Mishma; Dumah; Massa; Hadad; Tema; Jetur; Naphish; and Kedemah.  These are the sons of Ishmael and these are their names, by their villages and by their encampments, twelve princes according to their tribes.  This is the length of the life of Ishmael, one hundred thirty-seven years.  He breathed his last and died, and was gathered to his people.  They settled from Havilah to Shur, which is opposite Egypt in the direction of Assyria.  He settled down alongside of all his people.”

Ishmael lived to 137 years old.  Ishmael had 12 sons who became 12 princes much like Jacob will have 12 sons.  Ishmael is the hard luck outcast, but important because he was technically the first born of Abraham.  Nebaioth will be the father of the people who settle in Edom.  The descendents of Kedar settled in the Arabian Desert.  Adbeel settled somewhere southwest of the Dead Sea.  There are two people named Mibsam and Mishma in the bible.  There are a number of places named after Dumah, the most famous on the Syrian border.  The Massa descendents settled somewhere near the Babylonian border.  Hadad frequently turns up as a name of some princes in Edom. A town in Syria is named after Tema.  Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah seem to be associated with the Hagrites.   They mostly settled in the Arabian Desert.