Yahweh announces that Israel has been ransomed (Jer 31:10-31:11)

“Hear the word of Yahweh!

O nations!

Declare it

In the coastlands far away!

Say.

‘He who scattered Israel,

Will gather them.

I will keep them

Like a shepherd

Keeps his flock.’

Yahweh has ransomed Jacob.

He has redeemed them

From hands

Too strong for them.”

Yahweh, via Jeremiah, wants all the nations, including those on the far away coast to listen to him. He was announcing that the once scattered Israelites would now gather around their shepherd. Yahweh has ransomed and redeemed Jacob from the strong hands that held them captive.

The confrontation (Isa 63:1-63:1)

“Who is this that comes from Edom?

Who comes from Bozrah

In garments stained in crimson?

Who is this so splendidly robed?

Who is marching in his great might?

‘It is I!

I announce vindication!

I am mighty to save!’”

The sentinel or the prophet is standing on the wall or guarding the city. Thus he wants to know who was coming from Edom and its capital city of Bozrah, that was south of Judah on the other side of the Jordan River. Here we have an unusual dialog. The people from Edom were wearing splendid stained crimson robes. They were marching with a great army. After these questions, there is a response. The response is in the first personal singular as if it is Yahweh himself announcing and seeking vindication, while trying to save his people.