Punishment for Egypt (Jer 46:25-46:26)

“Yahweh of hosts,

The God of Israel,

Said.

‘See!

I am bringing punishment

Upon Amon of Thebes,

Egypt,

Her gods,

As well as her kings.

I am bringing punishment

Upon Pharaoh,

As well as those

Who trust in him.

I will hand them over

To those who seek their life.

I will hand them over

To King Nebuchadnezzar

Of Babylon

And his officers.

Afterward Egypt

Shall be inhabited

As in the days of old.’

Says Yahweh.”

Yahweh of hosts, the God of Israel said that he was going to bring punishment to Thebes, a large ancient city on the lower Nile River. Yahweh was going to punish Amon, a major god in Egypt with one of the world’s largest temples. Besides that, the punishment would extend to all of Egypt with its gods and kings. Even those who trusted in the Pharaoh would be punished. Yahweh was going to hand them over to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon and his officers, who were after their lives. Finally, Egypt would be restored like in the old days.

The descendents of Solomon’s servants returning (Neh 7:57-7:60)

“The descendents of Solomon’s servants were the descendents of Sotai, the descendents of Sophereth, the descendents of Perida, the descendents of Jaala, the descendents of Darkon, the descendents of Giddel, the descendents of Shephatiah, the descendents of Hattil, the descendents of Pochereth-hazzebaim, and the descendents of Amon. All the temple servants and the descendents of Solomon’s servants were three hundred ninety-two.”

There also were the descendents of the palace servants from the time of King Solomon. People must have considered this a big deal or a hereditary job. There were 10 named groups. 6 are exactly the same as in Ezra, chapter 2. 4 others have slight variations, Sophereth for Hassophereth, Perida for Peruda, Jaala for Jaalah, and Amon for Ami. Most of these names only appear here. The total number of Temple and palace servants or hereditary slaves was 392, the same as in Ezra. The big problem is that there was no king, palace, or Temple. What were they to do?

The death of King Manasseh (2 Chr 33:18-33:20)

“Now the rest of the acts of King Manasseh, his prayer to his God, and the words of the seers who spoke to him in the name of Yahweh the God of Israel, these are in the Annals of the Kings of Israel. His prayer and how God received his entreaty are written in the records of the seers. All his sin and his faithlessness are written in the records of the seers. The sites on which he built high places and set up the sacred poles and the images, before he humbled himself, they are written in the records of the seers. So King Manasseh slept with his ancestors. They buried him in his house. His son Amon succeeded him.”

For more information about King Manasseh, check with the lost “Annals of the Kings of Israel.” Here is an explicit mention of the same book as in 2 Kings, chapter 21, but it is Israel rather than Judah. Perhaps this may be a reference to the biblical Book of Kings, where some of the passages are the same.   This biblical writer is less critical than his counterpart in 2 Kings. All the good things and bad things that King Manasseh did can be found in this book. He died and was buried in his own garden, but not with his ancestors. His son King Amon took over for him. Yahweh seemed more displeased with the people of Judah and Jerusalem rather than King Manasseh himself.

The kings of Judah (1 Chr 3:10-3:16)

“The descendants of Solomon were Rehoboam, Abijah his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son, Joram his son, Ahaziah his son, Joash his son, Amaziah his son, Azariah his son, Jotham his son, Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son, Amon his son, Josiah his son. The sons of Josiah were Johanan the first-born, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum. The descendants of Jehoiakim were his sons Jeconiah and Zedekiah.”

Here we have the list of the kings of Judah starting with Solomon that can be found at the end of 1 Kings and 2 Kings. Based on those 2 books there was no disruption in the lineage of David via Solomon to all the kings of Judah before the Exile. Unlike the northern kingdom of Israel, there were no revolutions in the southern kingdom of Judah until the end with the Babylonian Captivity. However, there was also a consideration of the kings of Israel in the books of Kings, which is not here at all. The whole emphasis is on Judah and Jerusalem alone. The son of Solomon (1) Rehoboam ruled from about 931-913 BCE. His son (2) Abijah or Abijam ruled from about 913-911 BCE. His son (3) Asa ruled from about 911-870 BCE. His son (4) Jehoshaphat ruled from about 870-848 BCE. His son (5) Joram or Jehoram ruled from about 848-841 BCE. His son (6) Ahaziah, Azariah, or Jehoahaz ruled for less than a year about 841 BCE. There is no mention that Athaliah, Ahaziah’s mother ruled for about 4 years until her grandson (7) Joash or Jehoash ruled from about 835-796 BCE. His son, (8) Amaziah ruled from about 796-781 BCE. His son, (9) Azariah or Uzziah ruled from about 781-740 BCE. His son (10) Jotham ruled from about 740-736 BCE. His son (11) Ahaz ruled from about 736-716 BCE. His son (12) Hezekiah ruled from about 716-687 BCE. His son (13) Manasseh ruled from about 687-642 BCE. His son (14) Amon ruled from about 642-640 BCE. His son (15) Josiah ruled from about 640-609 BCE. Many of Josiah’s sons will rule Judah. His son (16) Johanan, Jehoahaz or Shallum ruled for just one year about 609 BCE. His brother, (17) Josiah’s son Jehoiakim or Eliakim ruled from 609-598 BCE. His son (18) Jehoiachin, Coniah or Jeconiah ruled for less than a year about 598 BCE. (19) Zedekiah or Mattaniah, brother of Jehoiakim and son of Josiah, ruled from about 598-587 BCE until the beginning of the Babylonian captivity.

 

The death of King Manasseh (2 Kings 21:17-21:18)

“Now the rest of the acts of King Manasseh, all that he did, and the sin that he committed, are they not written in the Book of the Annals of the Kings of Judah? King Manasseh slept with his ancestors. He was buried in the garden of his house, in the garden of Uzza. His son King Amon succeeded him.”

For more information about the wicked King Manasseh, check with the lost “Book of the Annals of the Kings of Judah.” King Manasseh died and was buried in his own garden, but not with his ancestors. His son King Amon took over for him. Let’s see what happens to him. Interesting enough, there was no individual retribution for Manasseh, despite all his evil ways. Other kings suffered either themselves or their families for less serious sins. Despite his anger with King Manasseh, Yahweh left him along personally. Rather Yahweh seemed more displeased with the people of Judah and Jerusalem rather than Manasseh himself.