“King Antiochus left Lysias, a distinguished man of royal lineage, in charge of the king’s affairs from the Euphrates River to the borders of Egypt. Lysias was also to take care of his son Antiochus until he returned. He turned over to Lysias half of his forces and the elephants. He gave him orders about all that he wanted done. As for the residents of Judea and Jerusalem, Lysias was to send a force against them to wipe out and destroy the strength of Israel and the remnant of Jerusalem. He was to banish the memory of them from that place, settle aliens in all their territory, and distribute their land. Then the king took the remaining half of his troops. He left from his capital Antioch in the one hundred forty-seventh year. He crossed the Euphrates River as he went through the upper provinces.”
Lysias was a Syrian nobleman who took over half the Seleucid army, the so-called western district from the Euphrates River to Egypt, what used to be called, the Province Beyond the River. King Antiochus IV also put Lysias in charge of his son who was to become King Antiochus V. Lysias’ half of the army was to destroy Judea and Jerusalem. He was to reestablish that area with other people so that the memory of Judea would be forgotten, much like the Assyrians and Babylonians had done in the 7th and 6th century BCE. King Antiochus IV would leave the capital of Antioch and take the other half of the army to Persia, the eastern side of the Euphrates River. This all took place in the 147th year since the beginning of the Greek Seleucid reign, about 165 BCE.
“Then King Solomon took a census of all the aliens who were residing in the land of Israel, after the census that his father King David had taken. There were found to be one hundred and fifty-three thousand six hundred. Seventy thousand of them he assigned as laborers, eighty thousand as stonecutters in the hill country, and three thousand six hundred as overseers to make the people work.”
Then King Solomon took a census of the aliens living in Israel. This author claims that this was like his father. However, the census that King David took was for all the tribes of Israel. That census was considered to be evil and induced by the devil. So they are completely different. However, the numbers are like those earlier in this chapter that had 70,000 laborers and 80,000 stone cutters, with 3,600 supervisors. As in 1 Kings, chapter 5, King Solomon used forced labor. As this was over 150,000 workers he needed 3,600 supervisors, an extra 300 here instead of 3,300 supervisors as in 1 Kings. Here they are not Israelites, but the aliens who are forced into labor. In fact, in 1 Kings, the northern Israelites complained about this forced labor.
“Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, ‘This is the ordinance for the Passover. No foreigners shall eat of it, but any slave who has been purchased may eat of it after he has been circumcised. No bound or hired servant may eat of it. It shall be eaten in one house. You shall not take any part of the animal outside the house. You shall not break any of its bones. The whole congregation of Israel shall celebrate it. If an alien who resides with you wants to celebrate the Passover to Yahweh, all his males shall be circumcised. Then he may draw to celebrate it. He shall be regarded as a native of the land. But no uncircumcised person shall eat of it. There shall be one law for the native and for the alien who resides among you.’ All the Israelites did just as Yahweh commanded Moses and Aaron. That very day Yahweh brought the Israelites out of the land of Egypt company by company.”
Coming from the priestly tradition there are more prescriptions about who can participate in the Passover. No foreigners could eat of it. However, a purchased circumcised slave may eat of it. You had to eat it in one house. You cannot take the Passover meal outside the house or break the bones of the animal. If an alien wants to partake, his whole household must be circumcised. It is strange that they were worried about non-Israelites partaking in Passover at this early stage. Obviously this is a later addition.