Until the 18th century, there never was any question about the historical validity of the Bible. Both Protestants and Catholics took it for granted that whatever the Bible said happened, actually happened. The only dispute was as to the meaning and significance of the stories. A new historical skepticism from the French Enlightenment and the German Rationalism began to question whether the events as described in the Bible ever took place. First there were questions about events in the Old Testament, about Adam and Eve, Abraham, and Moses. Then in the 19th century, the problem of Jesus and his miracles came into question.
“Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son and called his name Seth, for she said, ‘God has appointed for me another child instead of Abel, because Cain killed him.’ To Seth also a son was born, and he named him Enosh. At that time men began to invoke the name of Yahweh.”
All of a sudden we are back to Adam and Eve. To replace the killed Abel, Seth is born. He seems to be the forgotten son of Adam and Eve, but becomes a genealogical hero. He too, had a son called Enosh, without mentioning where his wife came from. So we have the same problem as we had with Cain’s wife. Who is this female and where did she come from? His son Enosh was one of the first to invoke the name of Yahweh.
- The descendants of Cain (Gen 4:17-4:24) (efinne1540.wordpress.com)