The fifth beatitude on mercy (Mt 5:7-5:7)

“Blessed are

The merciful!

They shall receive mercy.”

 

μακάριοι οἱ ἐλεήμονες, ὅτι αὐτοὶ ἐλεηθήσονται.

 

The happy, blessed, and fortunate ones (μακάριοι) would be those who were merciful.  Along with justice, one of Yahweh’s two great attributes was mercy.  Matthew just said that people who hungered and thirsted after righteousness or justice would be holy or blessed.  Now, you would be emulating God, if you showed mercy.  Not only that, if you were merciful (οἱ ἐλεήμονες), you would receive mercy (ὅτι αὐτοὶ ἐλεηθήσονται).  God would be merciful to you, just as in Psalm 145:8-9.  Yahweh, God the Father, was gracious and merciful, slow to anger, in his abundant steadfast love.  Yahweh was good to all the people, because he had compassion and mercy over all that he had made.

The great deeds of Yahweh (Isa 63:7-63:7)

“I will recount

The gracious deeds of Yahweh.

I will recount

The praiseworthy acts of Yahweh.

Because of all that

Yahweh has done for us.

Because he has done

Great favors to the house of Israel.

He has shown them

According to his mercy.

He has shown them

According to the abundance

Of his steadfast love.”

Now the prophet breaks into a psalm about the great deeds of Yahweh. He was going to tell everybody about Yahweh’s gracious deeds and praiseworthy acts, since he had done do much for them. He had granted so many favors to the house of Israel. He has shown them mercy and abundant steadfast love.

Yahweh is gracious (Ps 145:8-145:9)

Het

“Yahweh is gracious.

Yahweh is merciful.

He is slow to anger.

He is abounding in steadfast love.

Tet

Yahweh is good to all.

His compassion is over all that he has made.”

In very simple terms, the love and graciousness of Yahweh is made clear. Yahweh is gracious and merciful. He is slow to anger because of his abundant steadfast love. He is good to all people because of his great compassion for all his creation. The next 2 letters of the Hebrew alphabet are found here in italic.

Yahweh was faithful to his covenant (Ps 106:44-106:46)

“Nevertheless Yahweh regarded their distress,

When he heard their cry.

For their sake,

He remembered his covenant.

He showed compassion

According to the abundance of his steadfast love.

He caused them to be pitied

By all those who held them captive.”

Despite the many incidents when Israel turned against their leaders and Yahweh himself, he always kept his covenant with them. Whenever they cried to Yahweh, he heard their cry. He remembered his covenant and showed compassion out of his abundant steadfast love. Even those who captured them had pity on them.