A similar statement can be found in Mark, chapter 4:2. This is the beginning of the parable section in Matthew. Jesus told them many things in parables (αὶ ἐλάλησεν αὐτοῖς πολλὰ ἐν παραβολαῖς λέγων). Parables were one of the many literary forms in the biblical literature. These parables of Jesus can be found in all the synoptic gospels since they represent about 1/3 of Jesus’ teachings. These simple and memorable stories conveyed important messages, central to the teachings of Jesus. Many of Jesus’s parables refer to simple everyday events. The word “parable” can also refer to a riddle, as it was used in the Old Testament. The use of parables was a natural teaching method that fit into the tradition of the time of Jesus. Matthew has 23 parables of which 11 are unique. There are 2 unique parables in Mark and 18 unique parables in Luke. Matthew and Luke share 4 parables, while Matthew, Mark and Luke share 6 parables. Many of these parables have been subjects of art and literature, especially during the Middle Ages.
Yahweh once again came to Ezekiel, the son of man. This time Yahweh proposed a riddle or an allegory for the house of Israel about an eagle. A great eagle with colorful rich wonderful wings and feathers came to sit on the top of a cedar in Lebanon. Is this an allegory or riddle about King Nebuchadnezzar who became king of Babylon in 597 BCE? It sure seems like it, since he was the great eagle who came to sit on his throne.