Punishment for refusing to drink (Jer 25:28-25:29)

“If they refuse

To accept the cup

From your hand,

Then you shall say to them,

Thus says Yahweh of hosts.

‘You must drink!


I am beginning

To bring disaster

On the city

That is called by my name.

How can you possibly

Avoid punishment?

You shall not go unpunished!

I am summoning a sword

Against all the inhabitants

Of the earth.’

Says Yahweh of hosts.”

Yahweh then tells Jeremiah what to say if they refuse to drink the cup of wrath from his hand. He told Jeremiah to say that they have to drink this cup. Yahweh was already preparing a disaster for the city that bore his name, Jerusalem. How could they possibly go unpunished? Yahweh was going to bring the sword to all the people living on earth. It would be a devastating end to the world.

The people of Anathoth (Jer 11:21-11:23)

“Therefore thus says Yahweh

Concerning the people of Anathoth.

‘They seek your life.

They say.

‘You shall not prophesy

In the name of Yahweh!

Otherwise you will die by our hand.’

Therefore thus says Yahweh of hosts.

‘I am going to punish them!

The young men shall die

By the sword!

Their sons shall die

By famine!

Their daughters shall die

By famine!

Not even a remnant shall be left of them.

I will bring disaster

Upon the people of Anathoth,

In the year of their punishment.’”

Yahweh responded to Jeremiah about his problems with the people of Anathoth, a Levitical city in the territory of Benjamin, about 3 miles north of Jerusalem, where Jeremiah was originally from. Thus the idea that a prophet is not accepted in his own home town. Apparently Jeremiah must have had some run in with the people there, since they told Jeremiah to stop prophesying in the name of Yahweh or else he would die. Yahweh responded that he was going to punish them. The young men would die by the sword, while their children, sons and daughters, would die of a famine. No one would be left at Anathoth because Yahweh was going to bring a disaster upon them in the unspecified year of their punishment.