Gog and Magog

Who are Gog and Magog in Revelation?  Interestingly enough, there are statues of these people.  They also appeared in the Old Testament, the New Testament and in the Quran.  They are either individuals, tribes, or lands.  In Revelation they are two separate nations or people, allies of Satan against God.  The Gog prophecy was meant to be fulfilled at the approach of what is called the end of days.  Gog and Magog were enemies to be defeated by the Messiah, at the beginning of the Messianic age.  Gog and Magog have created all kinds of legends, such as Alexander the Great might have fought against them.  They may have been part of the ten lost tribes of Israel.  These names were applied to the Vikings, the Huns, the Mongols, and other nomad tribes.  Ezekiel was one of the first to mention them.  They might be a reference to Gyges, a king of Lydia in the early seventh century BCE.  Jewish tradition changed Ezekiel’s Gog from Magog into Gog and Magog.  There was a whole tradition about Gog and Magog among the later Muslims, that some identified with European powers.  Of course, some identified Gog and Magog with the Roman Empire. Some medieval European world maps also show the location of the lands of Gog and Magog in the far northeast part of Asia. Marco Polo placed Gog and Magog among the Tartars or the Mongols.  In the early nineteenth century, some Hasidic rabbis identified the French invasion of Russia under Napoleon as “The War of Gog and Magog”.  In the twentieth century, many believed that Russia and Gog were one and the same.  According to an unconfirmed report, US President George W. Bush, in the prelude to the 2003 Invasion of Iraq, told French President Jacques Chirac, “Gog and Magog are at work in the Middle East.” Thus, the legend of Gog and Magag continues to the present day.  Had you ever heard of Gog and Magog?

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