Two olive trees and two lampstands (Rev 11:4)

“These are

The two olive trees

And the two lampstands,

Standing

Before the Lord

Of the earth.”

Οὗτοί εἰσιν αἱ δύο ἐλαῖαι καὶ αἱ δύο λυχνίαι αἱ ἐνώπιον τοῦ Κυρίου τῆς γῆς ἑστῶτες.

John said, “These are (Οὗτοί εἰσιν) the two olive trees (αἱ δύο ἐλαῖαι) and the two lampstands (καὶ αἱ δύο λυχνίαι) standing (ἑστῶτες), before the Lord (αἱ ἐνώπιον τοῦ Κυρίου) of the earth (τῆς γῆς).”  The two witnesses turn out to be two olive trees and two lampstands.  Olive trees provided the oil for the lamps.  The two olive trees may be an allusion to the prophet Zechariah, chapter 4:3, and 4:11-14, “By it, there are two olive trees.  One was on the right of the bowl, while the other was on its left…A second time I said to him, ‘What are these two branches of the olive trees, that pour out the oil through the two golden pipes?’  He said to me, ‘Do you not know what these are?’  I said, ‘No!  My lord.’  Then he said, these are the two anointed ones who stand by Yahweh of the whole earth.’”  In this vision, Zechariah saw two olive trees, one on the right side of the lampstand bowl and the other to the left of it.  Zechariah asked the angel for an explanation about the two olive trees that were on the left and the right side of the lampstand.  In fact, he asked twice.  The second time he wanted to know why the two olive tree branches were pouring out oil through two golden pipes.  This time, the angel responded that these were the two anointed ones who stood by Yahweh for the whole earth to see.  Perhaps this was an indication about the high priest Joshua and Governor Zerubbabel.  Thus, these two witnesses play an important role here in Revelation.  Have you ever seen olive trees?

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