Do not measure the court outside the temple (Rev 11:2)

“Do not measure

The courtyard

Outside the temple.

Leave that out!

It is given over

To the nations.

They will trample over

The holy city

For forty-two months.”

καὶ τὴν αὐλὴν τὴν ἔξωθεν τοῦ ναοῦ ἔκβαλε ἔξωθεν καὶ μὴ αὐτὴν μετρήσῃς, ὅτι ἐδόθη τοῖς ἔθνεσιν, καὶ τὴν πόλιν τὴν ἁγίαν πατήσουσιν μῆνας τεσσεράκοντα δύο

John said, “Do not measure (καὶ μὴ αὐτὴν μετρήσῃς) the courtyard (καὶ τὴν αὐλὴν) outside (τὴν ἔξωθεν) the temple (τοῦ ναοῦ).  Leave that out (ἔκβαλε ἔξωθεν)!  It is given over (ὅτι ἐδόθη) to the nations (τοῖς ἔθνεσιν).  They will trample (πατήσουσιν) over the holy city (καὶ τὴν πόλιν τὴν ἁγίαν) for forty-two months (μῆνας τεσσεράκοντα δύο).”  John was told not to measure the courtyard outside the Temple, but to leave it alone.  This courtyard might have been the gentile courtyard because many nations trampled over the holy city.  Perhaps this was a reference to the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple in 70 CE.  They were going to trample the city for forty-two months, that is three and half years or half of seven years.  Seven years would have meant total destruction.  This was only partial destruction.  The Babylonians in the sixth century BCE and the Syrians in the second century BCE had already destroyed Jerusalem.  This was not a new concept.  John did not have to measure this outer courtyard, just the inner temple.  What is the difference between the temple and the outer courtyard?

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