I saw the horses (Rev 9:17)

“This was how

I saw the horses

In my vision.

The riders

Wore breastplates

The color

Of fire,


And brimstone.

The heads

Of the horses were

Like lion’s heads.



And sulfur

Came out

Of their mouths.”

καὶ οὕτως εἶδον τοὺς ἵππους ἐν τῇ ὁράσει καὶ τοὺς καθημένους ἐπ’ αὐτῶν, ἔχοντας θώρακας πυρίνους καὶ ὑακινθίνους καὶ θειώδεις· καὶ αἱ κεφαλαὶ τῶν ἵππων ὡς κεφαλαὶ λεόντων, καὶ ἐκ τῶν στομάτων αὐτῶν ἐκπορεύεται πῦρ καὶ καπνὸς καὶ θεῖον.

John said, “This was how (καὶ οὕτως) I saw (εἶδον) the horses (τοὺς ἵππους) in my vision (ἐν τῇ ὁράσει).  The riders (καὶ τοὺς καθημένους ἐπ’ αὐτῶν) wore breastplates (ἔχοντας θώρακας) the color of fire (πυρίνους), hyacinth (καὶ ὑακινθίνους), and brimstone (καὶ θειώδεις).  The heads (καὶ αἱ κεφαλαὶ) of the horses (τῶν ἵππων) were like lion’s heads (ὡς κεφαλαὶ λεόντων).  Fire (πῦρ), smoke (καὶ καπνὸς), and sulfur (καὶ θεῖον) came out (ἐκπορεύεται) of their mouths (καὶ ἐκ τῶν στομάτων αὐτῶν).”  This is the only use of these Greek words that appear only in Revelation and not in any other canonical biblical NT writing, the word πυρίνους, that means fiery or glittering, as well as the word ὑακινθίνους, that means hyacinth, hyacinthine, or dark purple or blue, and the word θειώδεις, that means brimstone or sulfurous.  John then explained his vision of these horses, who had heads like lions.  He used some unique Greek words to describe this vision.  The cavalry riders had breastplates that were glittering fire, blue like hyacinth, and a brimstone sulfur.  Thus, fire, smoke, and sulfur came from the lion’s mouth of these horses.  This was quite a colorful sight with over millions of horses and riders.  What do you think about this vision?


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