This letter of James may have been written against the background of the turmoil and violence in Judea, as the Romans came to put down the Jewish uprising. There was a war with Rome that would lead to the destruction of Jerusalem and the scattering of the Jewish people. Therefore, they had to be patient and endure this troubled time. They had to care for the poor and stand up for the oppressed. At the same time, they had to reject worldly wisdom while embracing the heavenly wisdom of peacemaking, righteousness and justice. James wanted to encourage Christian Jews everywhere not to revert to violence in their response to injustice and poverty. They should focus on doing good by embracing the wisdom of heaven, not that of this world. What would you do if you lived in a state of war or siege?