To various passions
Hating one another.”
Paul said, “We ourselves (καὶ ἡμεῖς) were once (Ἦμεν γάρ ποτε) foolish (ἀνόητοι), disobedient (ἀπειθεῖς), led astray (πλανώμενοι), slaves (δουλεύοντες) to various (ποικίλαις) passions (ἐπιθυμίαις) and pleasures (καὶ ἡδοναῖς). We passed our days (διάγοντες) in malice (ἐν κακίᾳ) and envy (καὶ φθόνῳ), hating (στυγητοί) one another (μισοῦντες ἀλλήλους).” Only this letter to Titus used this word στυγητοί, that means hateful, detestable, or disgusting. Paul then made a general confession about all humanity and more particularly about his own life before Jesus Christ came into his life. He admitted that he was foolish, disobedient, deceived, and a slave to passions and pleasures. He spent most of his time doing evil, envious of others, and at the same time hating them. A life without Christ was a degenerating vicious brutal life, full of self-indulgence and hatred. How do you spend your life?