The Problem of Chronology

According to the Acts of the Apostles, chapters 21-28, at the conclusion of his third missionary journey, Paul had organized a relief fund among the gentile churches to help the poorer members of the Jerusalem church.  He was returning to Jerusalem with representatives of the gentile churches carrying their respective donations.  Shortly after his arrival in Jerusalem, Paul was attacked by a Jewish mob, but rescued by Roman soldiers.  He was imprisoned at the Roman governor’s headquarters in Caesarea for the next two years.  Paul then exercised his privilege as a Roman citizen and appealed to Caesar, which transferred his case to Rome.  Paul was sent to Rome in 59 CE. where he spent 2 years under house arrest waiting for his case to be heard before the supreme tribunal.  When Luke finished writing the book of Acts, he did not reveal what happened to Paul’s case, and there is little information about the rest of Paul’s life.  But there is implicit evidence that Paul was released.  While in captivity, Paul expressed confidence in his release.  There are indications that Paul was released from prison.  Thus, Paul could have been in captivity when he wrote 2 Timothy.  Do you accept the chronology of the Acts of the Apostles?

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