No teaching women (1 Tim. 2:12)

“I permit

No woman

To teach

Or to have authority

Over a man.

She is to keep silent.”

διδάσκειν δὲ γυναικὶ οὐκ ἐπιτρέπω, οὐδὲ αὐθεντεῖν ἀνδρός, ἀλλ’ εἶναι ἐν ἡσυχίᾳ.

Paul said, “I permit (ἐπιτρέπω) no woman (δὲ γυναικὶ οὐκ) to teach (διδάσκειν) or to have (οὐδὲ) authority (αὐθεντεῖν) over a man (ἀνδρός).  She is to keep silent (ἀλλ’ εἶναι ἐν ἡσυχίᾳ).”  Only this letter to Timothy used this unique word αὐθεντεῖν, that means to govern, exercise authority, domineer, govern, or have mastery over.  Paul has a very strong rebuke to women in general.  They should not teach or have any authority over men.  In fact, they should be kept silent.  This is a little like 1 Corinthians, chapter 13:45. “If there is anything that these women desire to learn or know (εἰ δέ τι μαθεῖν θέλουσιν), let them ask their own husbands (τοὺς ἰδίους ἄνδρας ἐπερωτάτωσαν) at home (ἐν οἴκῳ).  It is shameful (αἰσχρὸν) for a woman to speak (γάρ ἐστιν γυναικὶ λαλεῖν) in church (ἐν ἐκκλησίᾳ).”  Paul stressed the silence of women in the Christian Church assembly prayer meetings.  This passage has become one of the stumbling blocks to the furtherance of ordained female members in some Christian communities.  Clearly, Paul preferred male leaders in his developing Christian communities.  Do you prefer male or female leaders in your Christian community?

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