And whatever else
To sound teaching.”
Paul said, “This includes fornicators (πόρνοις), sodomites (ἀρσενοκοίταις), slave traders (ἀνδραποδισταῖς), liars (ψεύσταις), perjurers (ἐπιόρκοις), and whatever else (καὶ εἴ τι ἕτερον) is contrary (ἀντίκειται) to sound teaching (τῇ ὑγιαινούσῃ διδασκαλίᾳ).” Only the Pauline letters used this word πόρνοις, that means a fornicator, a man who prostitutes himself, and the word ἀρσενοκοίταις, that means a sodomite or a male engaging in same-gender sexual activity. Only this letter to Timothy used this unique word ἀνδραποδισταῖς, that means a slave dealer, an enslaver, one who forcibly enslaves, or a kidnapper, and the word ἐπιόρκοις that means sworn falsely or a perjurer. Paul listed a series of evil doers. They were acting against sound teaching. They were fornicators, sodomites, slave traders, liars, and perjurers. Obviously, Paul thought that they were serious enough to mention. In 1 Corinthians, chapter 6:9-10, he mentioned fornicators (οὔτε πόρνοι), idolaters (οὔτε εἰδωλολάτραι), adulterers (οὔτε μοιχοὶ), male prostitutes (οὔτε μαλακοὶ), or sodomites (οὔτε ἀρσενοκοῖται).” However, in Galatians, chapter 5:19, he gave another list, “Now the works of the flesh (τὰ ἔργα τῆς σαρκός) are obvious (φανερὰ δέ ἐστιν). They are fornication (ἅτινά ἐστιν πορνεία), impurity (ἀκαθαρσία), and licentiousness (ἀσέλγεια).” The lists are not exactly alike. Notice that Paul mentioned slave trading here and nowhere else. There were some actions that Paul would not tolerate. Anything against his teachings were considered to be against the correct teachings about being a Christian. What evil actions have you been involved with?