Of Christ Jesus,
By the will of God
Παῦλος ἀπόστολος Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ διὰ θελήματος Θεοῦ καὶ Τιμόθεος ὁ ἀδελφὸς
Paul said, “Paul (Παῦλος), an apostle of Christ Jesus (ἀπόστολος Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ), by the will of God (διὰ θελήματος Θεοῦ) and Timothy (Τιμόθεος), our brother (Τιμόθεος). This is a similar greeting as in Philippians with both Paul and Timothy as co-writers. Paul was an apostle of Jesus Christ. Paul was not alone in writing this letter. He had Timothy with him. Timothy was a native of Lystra in Lycaonia, a respected member of the Christian congregation, as mentioned in Acts, chapter 16:1-3. In 1 Corinthians 16:10 there was a suggestion that he was by nature reserved and timid. Timothy became Paul’s disciple, and later his constant companion and co-worker in preaching, as a close traveling companion of Paul. Paul and Silas took Timothy along with them on their journey to Macedonia. Timothy was also with Paul in Ephesus. Paul left Timothy at Ephesus, to govern that church. He was also involved with the founding of this church community in Philippi. His relationship with Paul was close and Paul entrusted him with missions of great importance. Timothy’s name also appears as the co-author on 2 Corinthians, Philippians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, and Philemon, as well as here. Timothy was jailed at least once during the period of the writings of the New Testament since the writer of Hebrews mentioning Timothy’s release at the end of the epistle. In fact, two biblical letters were addressed to Timothy, 1 Timothy and 2 Timothy. Thus, Timothy was an important figure in the early growing Christian gentile church in the second half of the first century. What do you know about Timothy?