Abba! Father! (Gal. 4:6)

“Because you are his children,

God has sent the Spirit

Of his Son

Into our hearts,




Ὅτι δέ ἐστε υἱοί, ἐξαπέστειλεν ὁ Θεὸς τὸ Πνεῦμα τοῦ Υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ εἰς τὰς καρδίας ἡμῶν, κρᾶζον Ἀββᾶ ὁ Πατήρ.

Paul said, “Because you are his children or his sons (Ὅτι δέ ἐστε υἱοί), God (ὁ Θεὸς) has sent (ἐξαπέστειλεν) the Spirit of his Son (τὸ Πνεῦμα τοῦ Υἱοῦ) into our hearts (αὐτοῦ εἰς τὰς καρδίας ἡμῶν), crying (κρᾶζον), ‘Abba (Ἀββᾶ)! Father (ὁ Πατήρ)!’”  Although the Jewish people often referred to God as Father, Paul was more explicit here.  We are the children or the sons of God.  God, the Father, has sent the Spirit of this son, the Holy Spirit, into our hearts.  Thus, we have the Holy Spirit within us.  With that, we able to cry out in Aramaic and Greek, Abba, Father, Πατήρ.  Abba was the Aramaic word for father that had a more emotional intimacy than the colder Greek word for father.  The work of the Holy Spirit is alive within us to help us communicate with God, the Father.  The later trinitarian theology is implicit in this statement about God, the Father, his Son, and his Holy Spirit.  Do call God “father”?

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